Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 48, Issue 7, pp 2267–2277 | Cite as

Identification of Symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorders in the Second Year of Life at Day-Care Centres by Day-Care Staff: Step One in the Development of a Short Observation List

  • Kenneth LarsenEmail author
  • Astrid Aasland
  • Trond H. Diseth
Original Paper


Early symptoms of ASD develop through the second year of life, making a stable ASD diagnosis possible at 24 months of age. However, in general, children with ASD have their diagnosis at an older age. This retrospective study, including 30 children with ASD and 30 control children aged 3–6 years, explored the possibility of developing a short observation list to be used in day care settings for children 12–24 months of age. From 73 symptoms selected from published screeners and observation tools, we were able to construct a list of six symptoms that retrospectively differentiated children with ASD from typically developing children at 12–24 months of age when recalled by day-care personnel.


Autism Autism spectrum disorder Early identification Screening Day-care centre Kindergarten 


Author Contributions

KL, AA, THD contributed in preparing, writing and editing of the manuscript.


This study was funded by Oslo University Hospital, Regional resource center for autism, ADHD, Tourette’s syndrome and narcolepsy.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the Regional Committee for Medical and Health Research Ethics, ref. no 2013/2101 and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Paediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Regional Resource Centre for Autism, ADHD, Tourette’s Syndrome and NarcolepsyOslo University HospitalOsloNorway
  2. 2.Section of Psychosomatics and CL-Child Psychiatry, Division of Paediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Department of Clinical Neurosciences for ChildrenOslo University HospitalOsloNorway
  3. 3.Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Clinical MedicineUniversity of OsloOsloNorway

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