Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 43, Issue 2, pp 237–244 | Cite as

Biocides electrogeneration for a zero-reagent on board disinfection of ballast water

  • Elisabetta Petrucci
  • Luca Di Palma
  • Elena De Luca
  • Giulia Massini
Original Paper


The feasibility of a quick electrochemical process for on board zero-reagent treatment of ballast water by anodic and cathodic production of oxidants was proposed. The process has been tested in the inactivation of the marine dinoflagellates Alexandrium minutum and A. taylori, both responsible for algal blooms and toxin-producing, and against the marine bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a Gram-negative pathogenic micro-organism. A complete inactivation of both dinoflagellates was quickly achieved with electro-generated active chlorine, while higher resistance to oxidising agents was verified for P. aeruginosa. A combined sequential treatment involving anodic oxidation followed by extended exposure time in the absence of current, and a final cathodic treatment was proposed. The cathodically electro-generated hydrogen peroxide contributed to the reduction of treatment time and the removal of residual species.


Ballast water Dinoflagellates Pseudomonas aeruginosa Boron-doped diamond Active chlorine Hydrogen peroxide 

Supplementary material

10800_2012_507_MOESM1_ESM.docx (341 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 340 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elisabetta Petrucci
    • 1
  • Luca Di Palma
    • 1
  • Elena De Luca
    • 2
  • Giulia Massini
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering Materials EnvironmentUniversity of Rome “La Sapienza”RomeItaly
  2. 2.Biomass and Bioenergy LaboratoryUTRINN-Bio, ENEA-CasacciaRomeItaly

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