Advertisement

Inflammopharmacology

, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp 1265–1272 | Cite as

Curcumin ameliorates palmitate-induced inflammation in skeletal muscle cells by regulating JNK/NF-kB pathway and ROS production

  • Asie Sadeghi
  • Atefeh Rostamirad
  • Shadisadat Seyyedebrahimi
  • Reza Meshkani
Original Article

Abstract

Curcumin, a natural polyphenol compound, has the beneficial effects on several diseases such as metabolic syndrome, cancer, and diabetes. The anti-inflammatory property of curcumin has been demonstrated in different cells; however, its role in prevention of palmitate-induced inflammation in skeletal muscle C2C12 cells is not known. In this study, we examined the effect of curcumin on the inflammatory responses stimulated by palmitate in C2C2 cells. The results showed that palmitate upregulated the mRNA expression and protein release of IL-6 and TNF-α cytokines in C2C12 cells, while pretreatment with curcumin was able to attenuate the effect of palmitate on inflammatory cytokines. The anti-inflammatory effect of curcumin was associated with the repression of phosphorylation of IKKα-IKKβ, and JNK. Palmitate also caused an increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) level that curcumin abrogated it. Collectively, these findings suggest that curcumin may represent a promising therapy for prevention of inflammation in skeletal muscle cells.

Keywords

Curcumin Inflammation Skeletal muscle cells NF-kB JNK TNF-α IL-6 Reactive oxygen species 

Abbreviations

FFA

Free fatty acids

TNF-α

Tumor necrosis factor alpha

IL-6

Interleukin 6

CRP

C-reactive protein

IL-1β

Interleukin 1β

LPS

Lipopolysaccharide

NF-κB

Nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells

IKK

IκB kinase

MAPK

Mitogen-activated protein kinase

JNK

c-Jun N-terminal kinase

ERK

Extracellular signal-regulated kinase

ROS

Reactive oxygen species

T2D

Type 2 diabetes

IκB

Nuclear factor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B-cells inhibitor

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by a Grant (96-04-30-36707) from the Deputy of Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have nothing to declare.

References

  1. Barma P et al (2009) Lipid induced overexpression of NF-κB in skeletal muscle cells is linked to insulin resistance. Biochim Biophys Acta 1792:190–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Boden G, Shulman G (2002) Free fatty acids in obesity and type 2 diabetes: defining their role in the development of insulin resistance and β-cell dysfunction. Eur J Clin Invest 32:14–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Coll T et al (2008) Oleate reverses palmitate-induced insulin resistance and inflammation in skeletal muscle cells. J Biol Chem 283:11107–11116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Deng Y-T, Chang T-W, Lee M-S, Lin J-K (2012) Suppression of free fatty acid-induced insulin resistance by phytopolyphenols in C2C12 mouse skeletal muscle cells. J Agric Food Chem 60:1059–1066CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Devi YS, DeVine M, DeKuiper J, Ferguson S, Fazleabas AT (2015) Inhibition of IL-6 signaling pathway by curcumin in uterine decidual cells. PLoS ONE 10:e0125627CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Frost RA, Nystrom GJ, Lang CH (2002) Lipopolysaccharide regulates proinflammatory cytokine expression in mouse myoblasts and skeletal muscle. Am J Physiol-Regul Integr Comp Physiol 283:R698–R709CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fu Y, Zheng S, Lin J, Ryerse J, Chen A (2008) Curcumin protects the rat liver from CCl4-caused injury and fibrogenesis by attenuating oxidative stress and suppressing inflammation. Mol Pharmacol 73:399–409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Geng S et al (2017) Curcumin attenuates BPA-induced insulin resistance in HepG2 cells through suppression of JNK/p38 pathways. Toxicol Lett 272:75–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gupta SC, Patchva S, Aggarwal BB (2013) Therapeutic roles of curcumin: lessons learned from clinical trials. AAPS J 15:195–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Inoguchi T et al (2000) High glucose level and free fatty acid stimulate reactive oxygen species production through protein kinase C—dependent activation of NAD (P) H oxidase in cultured vascular cells. Diabetes 49:1939–1945CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Khan IM et al (2015) Intermuscular and perimuscular fat expansion in obesity correlates with skeletal muscle T cell and macrophage infiltration and insulin resistance. Int J Obes 39:1607CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Khodabandehloo H, Gorgani-Firuzjaee S, Panahi G, Meshkani R (2016) Molecular and cellular mechanisms linking inflammation to insulin resistance and beta-cell dysfunction. Transl Res 167:228–256.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trsl.2015.08.011 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Klotz LO, Pellieux C, Briviba K, Pierlot C, Aubry JM, Sies H (1999) Mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38-, JNK-, ERK-) activation pattern induced by extracellular and intracellular singlet oxygen and UVA. FEBS J 260:917–922Google Scholar
  14. Kowluru RA, Kanwar M (2007) Effects of curcumin on retinal oxidative stress and inflammation in diabetes. Nutr Metab 4:8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Koyama T et al (2011) SIRT3 attenuates palmitate-induced ROS production and inflammation in proximal tubular cells. Free Radical Biol Med 51:1258–1267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kuhad A, Pilkhwal S, Sharma S, Tirkey N, Chopra K (2007) Effect of curcumin on inflammation and oxidative stress in cisplatin-induced experimental nephrotoxicity. J Agric Food Chem 55:10150–10155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lang CH, Silvis C, Deshpande N, Nystrom G, Frost RA (2003) Endotoxin stimulates in vivo expression of inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin-1β,-6, and high-mobility-group protein-1 in skeletal muscle. Shock 19:538–546CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lawrence T (2009) The nuclear factor NF-κB pathway in inflammation. Cold Spring Harbor Perspect Biol 1:a001651CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ma F, Liu F, Ding L, You M, Yue H, Zhou Y, Hou Y (2017) Anti-inflammatory effects of curcumin are associated with down regulating microRNA-155 in LPS-treated macrophages and mice. Pharm Biol 55:1263–1273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Maithilikarpagaselvi N, Sridhar MG, Swaminathan RP, Zachariah B (2016) Curcumin prevents inflammatory response, oxidative stress and insulin resistance in high fructose fed male Wistar rats: potential role of serine kinases. Chem Biol Interact 244:187–194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Maloney E et al (2009) Activation of NF-κB by palmitate in endothelial cells. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 29:1370–1375CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Martins AR et al (2012) Mechanisms underlying skeletal muscle insulin resistance induced by fatty acids: importance of the mitochondrial function. Lipids Health Dis 11:30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Meshkani R, Vakili S (2016) Tissue resident macrophages: key players in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes and its complications. Clinica Chimica Acta 462:77–89.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cca.2016.08.015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Na L-X, Zhang Y-L, Li Y, Liu L-Y, Li R, Kong T, Sun C-H (2011) Curcumin improves insulin resistance in skeletal muscle of rats. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 21:526–533CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Nakamura S et al (2009) Palmitate induces insulin resistance in H4IIEC3 hepatocytes through reactive oxygen species produced by mitochondria. J Biol Chem 284:14809–14818CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Panahi Y, Sahebkar A, Parvin S, Saadat A (2012) A randomized controlled trial on the anti-inflammatory effects of curcumin in patients with chronic sulphur mustard-induced cutaneous complications. Ann Clin Biochem 49:580–588CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Panahi Y, Hosseini MS, Khalili N, Naimi E, Majeed M, Sahebkar A (2015) Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of curcuminoid-piperine combination in subjects with metabolic syndrome: a randomized controlled trial and an updated meta-analysis. Clin Nutr 34:1101–1108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Park JM, Lee JS, Song JE, Sim YC, Ha S-J, Hong EK (2015) Cytoprotective effect of hispidin against palmitate-induced lipotoxicity in C2C12 myotubes. Molecules 20:5456–5467CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Pillon NJ, Arane K, Bilan PJ, Chiu TT, Klip A (2012) Muscle cells challenged with saturated fatty acids mount an autonomous inflammatory response that activates macrophages. Cell Commun Signal 10:30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Reaven GM (1991) Insulin resistance and compensatory hyperinsulinemia: role in hypertension, dyslipidemia, and coronary heart disease. Am Heart J 121:1283–1288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sadeghi A, Ebrahimi S, Sadat S, Golestani A, Meshkani R (2017) Resveratrol ameliorates palmitate-induced inflammation in skeletal muscle cells by attenuating oxidative stress and JNK/NF-κB pathway in a SIRT1-independent mechanism. J Cell Biochem 118(9):2654–2663CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Shao-Ling W, Ying L, Ying W, Yan-Feng C, Li-Xin N, Song-Tao L, Chang-Hao S (2009) Curcumin, a potential inhibitor of up-regulation of TNF-alpha and IL-6 induced by palmitate in 3T3-L1 adipocytes through NF-kappaB and JNK pathway. Biomed Environ Sci 22:32–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Sharma R, Gescher A, Steward W (2005) Curcumin: the story so far. Eur J Cancer 41:1955–1968CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Tak PP, Firestein GS (2001) NF-κB: a key role in inflammatory diseases. J Clin Investig 107:7–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Varma V et al (2009) Muscle inflammatory response and insulin resistance: synergistic interaction between macrophages and fatty acids leads to impaired insulin action. Am J Physiol-Endocrinol Metab 296:E1300–E1310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Varma SR, Sivaprakasam TO, Mishra A, Prabhu S, Rafiq M, Rangesh P (2017) Imiquimod-induced Psoriasis-like inflammation in differentiated Human keratinocytes: its evaluation using curcumin. Eur J Pharmacol 813:33–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Xu Y, Liu L (2017) Curcumin alleviates macrophage activation and lung inflammation induced by influenza virus infection through inhibiting the NF-κB signaling pathway. Influenza Respir Viruses 11(5):457–463CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Yang M et al (2013) Saturated fatty acid palmitate-induced insulin resistance is accompanied with myotube loss and the impaired expression of health benefit myokine genes in C2C12 myotubes. Lipids Health Dis 12:104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Zhang J, Wang X, Vikash V, Ye Q, Wu D, Liu Y, Dong W (2016) ROS and ROS-mediated cellular signaling. Oxid Med Cell Longev.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/4350965 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry, Afzalipour School of MedicineKerman University of Medical SciencesKermanIslamic Republic of Iran
  2. 2.Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine SciencesTarbiat Modares UniversityTehranIslamic Republic of Iran
  3. 3.Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Faculty of MedicineTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIslamic Republic of Iran
  4. 4.Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of MedicineTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIslamic Republic of Iran

Personalised recommendations