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Impacts of Saudi Hegemony on the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)

  • Shahram Akbarzadeh
  • Zahid Shahab Ahmed
Article

Abstract

The events of the 2016 summit of the Organization for Islamic Cooperation (OIC) in Turkey demonstrate how Saudi Arabia’s role within the organization has been transformed from leadership into a hegemonic one, a process that has been unfolding over five decades. As a strong voice in the Muslim world, Saudi Arabia has employed a range of diplomatic strategies, in accordance with its national interests, to influence the OIC and its member states. Based on the analysis, this paper argues that Saudi Arabia has been able to exert hegemonic control over the OIC due to the organization’s structural make-up, its reliance on Saudi funding, as well as dominance in bilateral affairs with majority of the OIC members.

Keywords

Saudi Arabia Hegemony Leadership OIC Foreign policy 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Alfred Deakin Institute for Citizenship and Globalisation, Faculty of Arts & EducationDeakin UniversityBurwoodAustralia

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