Acemoglu, D., Finkelstein, A., & Notowidigdo, M. J. (2013). Income and health spending: Evidence from oil price shocks. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 95(4), 1079–1095.
Anselin, L. (1988). Spatial econometrics: Methods and models. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Bakare, A. S., & Sanmi, O. (2005). Health care expenditure and economic growth in Nigeria: An empirical study (Electronic Thesis or Dissertation).
Baker, L. C., & Wheeler, S. K. (2000). Managed care and technology diffusion the case of MRI. Health Affairs, 17(10), 195–207.
Baltagi, B. H., & Moscone, F. (2010). Health care expenditure and income in the OECD reconsidered: Evidence from panel data. Economic Modelling, 27(4), 804–811.
Bilgel, F., & Tran, K. C. (2013). The determinants of Canadian provincial health expenditures: Evidence from a dynamic panel. Applied Economics, 45(2), 201–212.
Blomqvist, G., & Carter, R. A. L. (1997). Is health care really a luxury? Journal of Health Economics, 16(2), 207–229.
Carrion-i-Silvestre, J. L. (2005). Health care expenditure and GDP: Are they broken stationary? Journal of Health Economics, 24(5), 839–854.
Case, A. C., Hines, Jr, & Rosen, H. S. (1993). Budget spillovers and fiscal policy interdependence: Evidence from the states’. Journal of Public Economics, 52(3), 285–307.
Cliff, A., & Ord, J. K. (1981). Spatial processes: Models and applications. London: Pion.
Costa-Font, J., & Pons-Novell, J. (2007). Public health expenditure and spatial interactions in a decentralized national health system. European Journal of Health Economics, 7(4), 285–289.
De Mello-Sampayo, F., & De Sousa-Vale, S. (2014). Financing health care expenditure in the OECD countries: Evidence from a heterogeneous cross-sectional dependent panel. Panoeconomicus, 61(2), 207–225.
Di-Matteo, L. (2003). The income elasticity of health care spending: A comparison of parametric and nonparametric approaches. The European Journal of Health Economics, 4(1), 20–29.
Dreger, C., & Reimers, H. E. (2005). Health care expenditures in OECD countries: A panel unit root and cointegration analysis. International Journal of Applied Econometrics and Quantitative Studies, 2(2), 5–20.
Elmi, Z. M., & Sadeghi, S. (2012). Health care expenditures and economic growth in developing countries: Panel co-integration and causality middle-east. Journal of Scientific Research, 12(1), 88–91.
Erdoğan, E., & Arica, F. (2010). Are health expenditure and GDP cointegrated? A panel analysis. Journal of Business and Economics, 1(1), 42–53.
Esteve, V., Jose, L., & Zahonero, M. (2007). Testing the long-run relationship between health expenditures and GDP in the presence of structural change: The case of Spain. Applied Economics Letters, 14(4), 271–276.
Fedeli, S. (2015). The impact of GDP on health care expenditure: The case of Italy (1982–2009). Social Indicators Research, 122(2), 347–370.
Freeman, D. G. (2003). Is health care a necessity or a luxury? Pooled estimates of income elasticity from US state-level data. Applied Economics, 35(5), 495–502.
Frees, E. W. (1995). Assessing cross-sectional correlation in panel data. Journal of Econometrics, 69(2), 393–414.
Gerdtham, U.-G., & Löthgren, M. (2000). On stationarity and cointegration of international health expenditure and GDP. Journal of Health Economics, 19(4), 461–475.
Gerdtham, U.-G., & Löthgren, M. (2002). New panel results on cointegration of international health expenditure and GDP. Applied Economics, 34(13), 1679–1686.
Grullot, G., & Rousset, F. (2013). Dismantling the Mantel tests. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 4(4), 336–344.
Hansen, P., & King, A. (1996). The determinants of health care expenditure: A cointegration approach. Journal of Health Economics, 15(1), 127–137.
Hartwig, J. (2006). What drives health care expenditure? Baumol’s model of unbalanced growth’ revisited. Swiss Institute for Business Cycle Research, Working Paper No. 133.
Hitiris, T., & Posnett, J. (1992). The determinants and effects of health expenditure in developed countries. Journal of Health Economics, 11(2), 173–181.
Im, K. S., Pesaran, M. H., & Shin, Y. (2003). Testing for unit roots in heterogeneous panels. Journal of Econometrics, 115(1), 53–74.
Jewell, T., Lee, J., Tieslau, M., & Strazicich, M. C. (2003). Stationarity of heath expenditures and GDP: Evidence from panel unit root tests with heterogeneous structural breaks. Journal of Health Economics, 22(2), 313–323.
Kapetanios, G., Pesaran, M. H. & Yamagata, T. (2006). Panels with non-stationary multifactor error structures. Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 0651, University of Cambridge.
Kelejian, H. H., & Prucha, I. R. (2001). On the asymptotic distribution of the Moran I test statistic with applications. Journal of Econometrics, 104(2), 219–257.
Khadaroo, V., & Jaunky, A. (2008). Health care expenditure and GDP: An African perspective. Applied Econometrics and International Development, 8(1), 130–146.
Kiymaz, H., Akbulut, Y., & Demir, A. (2006). Tests of stationarity and cointegration of health care expenditure and gross domestic product. European Journal of Health Economics, 7(4), 285–289.
McCoskey, S. K., & Selden, T. M. (1998). Health care expenditure and GDP: Panel data unit root test results. Journal of Health Economics, 17(3), 369–376.
Mehrara, M., & Musai, M. (2011). Health expenditure and economic growth: An ARDL approach for the case of Iran. Journal of Economics and Behavioural Studies, 3(4), 249–256.
Millo, G. (2016). The income elasticity of non-life insurance: A reassessment. Journal of Risk and Insurance, 83(2), 335–362.
Moscone, F., & Tosetti, E. (2010). Health expenditure and income in the United States. Health Economics, 19(12), 1385–1403.
Narayan, S., Narayan, P. K., & Mishra, S. (2010). Investigating the relationship between health and economic growth: Empirical evidence from a panel of 5 Asian countries. Journal of Asian Economics, 21(4), 404–411.
Newhouse, J. P. (1977). Medical care expenditure: A cross-national survey. Journal of Human Resources, 12(1), 115–125.
Pesaran, M. H. (2004). General diagnostic tests for cross-section dependence in panels. Working Paper, Trinity College, Cambridge.
Pesaran, M. H. (2006). Estimation and inference in large heterogeneous panels with a multifactor error structure. Econometrica, 74(4), 967–1012.
Pesaran, M. H. (2007). A simple panel unit root test in the presence of cross section dependence. Journal of Applied Econometrics, 22(2), 265–312.
Pesaran, M. H. & Tosetti, E. (2007). Large panels with common factors and spatial correlations, IZA Discussion Paper n. 3032.
Roberts, J. (1999). Sensitivity of elasticity estimates for OECD health care spending: Analysis of a dynamic heterogeneous data field. Health Economics, 8(5), 459–472.
Sokal, R. R., & Rohlf, F. J. (1995). Biometry (3rd ed., pp. 813–819). New-York: Freeman.
Sulku, S. N., & Caner, A. (2011). Health care expenditures and GDP: The Turkish case. European Journal of Health Economics, 12(1), 29–38.
Tang, C. F. (2010). Multivariate Granger causality and the dynamic relationship between health spending, income, and health price in Malaysia. MPRA Paper No. 27298. Online at http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/27298/.
Wang, Z., & Rettenmaier, A. J. (2006). A note on cointegration of health expenditure and income. Health Economics, 16(6), 559–578.
Weil, T. P. (1995). Comparisons of medical technology in Canadian, German, and US hospitals. Hospital and Health Services Administration, 40(4), 524–533.
World Bank. (2015). World Development Indicators. Washington, DC: The World Bank.