, Volume 656, Issue 1, pp 173–186 | Cite as

Relationships between the biomass production of invasive Ludwigia species and physical properties of habitats in France

  • E. LambertEmail author
  • A. Dutartre
  • J. Coudreuse
  • J. Haury


Ludwigia grandiflora ssp. hexapetala and L. peploides ssp. montevidensis have invaded many types of fresh water ecosystem in France leading to serious problems of management of these macrophytes. The prediction of extracted plant biomass quantities for every control method could considerably help in plant removal and selecting management choices. The paper presents results of the research program “Biological Invasions” granted by the French Environmental Agency concerning the Ludwigia species (2003–2006): “Characterization of the relations between biotopes, plant populations and human activities: Implications for management”. The objective of this work is: (1) to compare environmental variables in the western part of France where colonised water bodies are widespread, (2) to link these parameters with the evaluation of standing crops and (3) to propose implications for management planning and control methods. Measured dry biomass of Ludwigia spp. varied from 200 g DM m−2 in shallow lakes to 4,500 g DM m−2 in a meander of a eutrophicated river. Results depend on the scale of the analysis: within sites, between-sites, at different seasons or years. In sunny conditions, optimal for these plants and in nutrient rich areas, biomass is high. In general, exposure to wind, waves and currents reduces the standing crop. For plant production as well as removal work, the status of plant development and water level, are key factors.


Ludwigia spp. Water bodies Biomass Management Invasive species 



This study was partly supported by the French Ecological Agency. We are grateful to R. Matrat, from the DREAL Pays-de-la-Loire in charge of the regional committee for invasive plants; N. Pipet from the IIBSN (Interdepartmental Institution from the Sèvre-Niortaise Basin) and G. Delaunay from the Naturel Regional Park Loire-Anjou-Touraine; to B. Ruaux (University of Tours) and A. Ginon (Agrocampus Ouest), and the students who participated in sample collecting, specially M. Le Tréis, F. Pelloté, N. Prost, K. Suaudeau, H. Rakotondrasoa. We also thank the two referees for their helpful remarks and corrections and Peter Winterton from the University of Toulouse, for checking the English.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Lambert
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. Dutartre
    • 3
  • J. Coudreuse
    • 2
  • J. Haury
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre d’Etude et de Recherche sur les Ecosystèmes Aquatiques (CEREA/IBEA – IRFA)Angers Cedex 01France
  2. 2.UMR INRA-AGROCAMPUS OUEST Ecologie et Santé des EcosystèmesRennes CedexFrance
  3. 3.Cemagref, UR REBXCestas CedexFrance

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