Advertisement

Higher Education

, Volume 74, Issue 3, pp 473–489 | Cite as

The changing discourse on higher education and the nation-state, 1960–2010

  • Elizabeth S. Buckner
Article

Abstract

This article examines changing ideas about the relationship between the nation-state and the university in international higher education development discourse through a quantitative content analysis of over 700 academic articles, conference proceedings and research reports published by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). It finds that since the 1990s, emphasis on the private sector grows, the nation-state’s role shifts from one of manpower planning to strategic planning, and higher education is increasingly expected to promote standardized development goals and economic competitiveness in the global arena. However, it also finds that the role of the nation-state does not disappear—although no longer portrayed as the primary funder and provider of higher education, the nation-state is imbued with important regulatory functions.

Keywords

Globalization Discourse UNESCO Higher education Nation-state Public sector Private sector Internationalization World society 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author would like to thank Francisco Ramirez, John Meyer, Mark Ginsburg, Julia Lerch and two anonymous reviewers for thoughtful feedback on earlier drafts.

References

  1. Altbach, P. G., & Knight, J. (2007). The Internationalization of higher education: Motivations and realities. Journal of Studies in International Education, 11(3–4), 290–305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barnett, N. M., & Finnemore, M. (1999). The Politics, power, and pathologies of international organizations. International Organization, 53(4), 699–732.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Barrows, L. (2000). Internationalization of higher education: An institutional perspective. Bucharest, Romania: UNESCO.Google Scholar
  4. Bartlett, L., Frederick, Marla, Gulbrandsen, Thaddeus, & Murillo, Enrique. (2002). The marketization of education: Public schools for private ends. Anthropology & Education Quarterly, 33(1), 5–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bernheim, T., & Chaui, M. (2003). challenges of the University in the knowledge society, five years after the world conference on higher education occasional (Vol. Paper Series Paper No. 4). Paris: UNESCO.Google Scholar
  6. Bjarnason, S., Kai-Ming, C., Fielden, J., Lemaitre, M. J., Levy, D., & Varghese, N. V. (2009). A new dynamic: Private higher education. Paris: UNESCO.Google Scholar
  7. Boli, J., Ramirez, F. O., & Meyer, J. W. (1985). Explaining the origins and expansion of mass education. Comparative Education Review, 29(2), 145–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Burn, B., Altbach, P., Kerr, C., & Perkins, J. (1971). Higher education in nine countries: A comparative study of colleges and universities abroad. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company.Google Scholar
  9. Carnoy, M., Hallak, J., & Caillods, F. (1999). Globalization and educational reform: What planners need to know. Paris: UNESCO IIEP.Google Scholar
  10. Chabbott, C. (2003). Constructing education for development: International organizations and education for all. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  11. Clark, B. (1986). The higher education system: Academic organization in cross-national perspective. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  12. Colclough, C. (1996). Education and the market: Which parts of the neoliberal solution are correct? World Development, 24(4), 589–610.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Coombs, P., & Hallak, J. (1972). Educational cost analysis in action: Case studies for planners (Vol. 1). Paris: UNESCO IIEP.Google Scholar
  14. Dale, R. (2005). Globalisation, knowledge economy and comparative education. Comparative Education, 41(2), 117–149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Douglass, J. (2009). The Race for Human Capital. In J. A. Douglass, C. J. King, & I. Feller (Eds.), Globalization’s muse: universities and higher education systems in a changing world (pp. 45–66). Berkeley: Berkeley Public Policy Press.Google Scholar
  16. Drancourt, M. (2009). The new dynamics of higher education: from development to sustainable development (reinventing Progress). Paris: UNESCO.Google Scholar
  17. Finnemore, M. (1996). Norms, culture, and world politics: insights from sociology’s institutionalism. International Organization, 50(2), 325–347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Heyneman, Stephen. (2003). The history and problems in the making of education policy at the World Bank 1960–2000. International Journal of Educational Development, 23(3), 315–337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Johnstone, B. (2004). The economics and politics of cost sharing in higher education: Comparative perspectives. Economics of Education Review, 23(4), 403–410.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kosmützky, A., & Nokkala, T. (2014). Challenges and trends in comparative higher education: An editorial. Higher Education, 67(4), 369–380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Krücken, G., & Drori, G. S. (Eds.). (2009). World society: the writings of John W. Meyer: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Krücken, G. A., Kosmutzky, A., & Torka, M. (Eds.). (2007). Towards a multiversity? Universities between global trends and national traditions. Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag.Google Scholar
  23. Kuzhabekova, A., Hendel, D. D., & Chapman, D. W. (2015). Mapping global research on international higher education. Research in Higher Education, 56(8), 861–882.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lamtey, A. (1994). Financing higher education in Africa: A marketing perspective (Vol. Report number 5). Dakar, Senegal: UNESCO Regional Office.Google Scholar
  25. Lussier, I., Lauwerys, J., & Kuenen, D. J. (1966). Brazil: advisory mission on development of higher education Paris. France: UNESCO.Google Scholar
  26. Lynch, K. (2006). Neo-liberalism and marketization: The implications for higher education. European Educational Research Journal, 5(1), 1–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Meyer, J. W. (2000). Globalization sources and effects on national states and societies. International Sociology, 15(2), 233–248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Meyer, J. W. (2010). World society, institutional theories, and the actor. Annual Review of Sociology, 36, 1–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Meyer, J. W., & Bromley, P. (2013). The worldwide expansion of “organization”. Sociological Theory, 31(4), 366–389.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Meyer, J. W., Boli, J., Thomas, G. M., & Ramirez, F. O. (1997). World society and the nation‐state. American Journal of Sociology, 103(1), 144–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Meyer, J. W., Ramirez, F. O., Frank, D. J., & Schofer, E. (2008). “Higher Education as an Institution”. In P. Gumport (Ed), Sociology of higher education: Contributions and their contexts (187–220).Google Scholar
  32. Mundy, Karen. (1999). Educational multilateralism in a changing world order: UNESCO and the limits of the possible. International Journal Of Educational Development, 19(1), 27–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Mundy, K., & Menashy, F. (2012). The World Bank and the private provision of K-12 education: History, policies, practices. London: Open Society Foundation. (Working paper).Google Scholar
  34. Netherlands Economic Institute Rotterdam. (1962). The financing of higher education in Africa. Paris: UNESCO.Google Scholar
  35. Neuendorf, K. (2002). The content analysis guidebook. Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
  36. Onushkin V. (1969). “Some Problems in the Planning of Higher Education in the USSR”. Report 39 in the Fundamentals of Educational Planning. Paris, France: UNESCO IIEP.Google Scholar
  37. Ramirez, F. (2006). Growing commonalities and persistent differences in higher education: universities between global models and national legacies. In H. D. Meyer & B. Rowan (Eds.), The New Institutionalism in Education (pp. 123–142).Google Scholar
  38. Ramirez, F., & Tiplic, D. (2014). In pursuit of excellence? Discursive patterns in European higher education research. Higher Education, 67(4), 439–455.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Rhoades, G., & Slaughter, S. (2004). Academic capitalism in the new economy: Challenges and choices. American Academic, 1(1), 37–59.Google Scholar
  40. Sanyal, B., Case, J., Dow, P., & Jackman, M. (1976). Higher education and the labour market in Zambia: Expectations and performance. Paris: UNESCO IIEP.Google Scholar
  41. Schofer, E., & Meyer, J. W. (2005). The worldwide expansion of higher education in the twentieth century. American Sociological Review, 70(6), 898–920.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Shahjahan, R. A., & Kezar, A. J. (2013). Beyond the “National Container”: Addressing methodological nationalism in higher education research. Educational Researcher, 42(1), 20–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Sikwibele, A. (2007). The contribution of higher education to national education systems: The case of Zambia. Paris: UNESCO.Google Scholar
  44. Slaughter, S., & Cantwell, B. (2012). Transatlantic moves to the market: The United States and the European Union. Higher Education, 63(5), 583–606.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Slaughter, S., & Leslie, L. L. (1997). Academic capitalism: Politics, policies, and the entrepreneurial university. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  46. Slaughter, S., & Rhoades, G. (2004). Academic capitalism and the new economy: Markets, state, and higher education. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  47. Strang, D., & Meyer, J. W. (1993). Institutional conditions for diffusion. Theory and Society, 22(4), 487–511.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Stromquist, N. (2002). Education in a globalized world: The connectivity of economic power, technology, and knowledge. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers Inc.Google Scholar
  49. UNESCO. (1964). Reform and Development of higher education in Europe France, the Netherlands and Poland. Paris: UNESCO.Google Scholar
  50. UNESCO. (1967). Access to higher education in relation to the present and foreseeable requirements of the development of the community. Paris: UNESCO.Google Scholar
  51. UNESCO. (1996). Higher education in the 21st century: A student perspective. Paris: UNESCO.Google Scholar
  52. UNESCO. (1998). Beirut declaration on higher education in the Arab states for the XXIST century. Beirut: UNESCO Regional Office.Google Scholar
  53. UNESCO (2003). “Higher Education and Globalization: Promoting Quality and Access to the Knowledge Society as a Means for Sustainable Development”. Draft Resolution: 32C/COM.II/DR.1. Paris, France: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.Google Scholar
  54. UNESCO-CEPES. (2009). 100 voices a decade of inspiration and achievements in higher education. Bucharest, Romania: UNESCO-CEPES.Google Scholar
  55. Woodhall M. (1969). Financing Students in Higher Education; Educational, Social and Economic Implications of Alternative Methods of Finance. Report Number 42, The Fundamentals of Educational Planning Lecture Discussion Series. Paris, France: UNESCO IIEP.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of International and Transcultural Studies, Teachers CollegeColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations