Growth, physiological, and molecular responses of golden pompano Trachinotus ovatus (Linnaeus, 1758) reared at different salinities

  • Bo Liu
  • Hua-Yang Guo
  • Ke-Cheng Zhu
  • Liang Guo
  • Bao-Suo Liu
  • Nan Zhang
  • Jing-Wen Yang
  • Shi-Gui Jiang
  • Dian-Chang ZhangEmail author


Golden pompano (Trachinotus ovatus) is a commercially important marine fish and is widely cultured in the coastal area of South China. Salinity is one of the most important environmental factors influencing the growth and survival of fish. The aims of this study are to investigate the growth, physiological, and molecular responses of juvenile golden pompano reared at different salinities. Juveniles reared at 15 and 25‰ salinity grew significantly faster than those reared at the other salinities. According to the final body weights, weight gain rate, and feed conversion ratio, the suitable culture salinity range was 15–25‰ salinity. The levels of branchial NKA activity showed a typical “U-shaped” pattern with the lowest level at 15‰ salinity, which suggested a lower energy expenditure on osmoregulation at this level of salinity. The results of this study showed that the alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and cortisol of juveniles at 5‰ were higher than those of other salinity groups. Our results showed that glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase significantly increased at 5‰ and 35‰ salinity. Our study showed that osmolality had significant differences in each salinity group. GH, GHR1, and GHR2 had a wide range of tissue expression including the liver, intestine, kidneys, muscle, gills and brain. The expression levels of GH, GHR1 and GHR2 in the intestine, kidneys, and muscle at 15‰ salinity were significantly higher than those in other three salinity groups. Based on the growth parameters and physiological and molecular responses, the results of the present study indicated that the optimal salinity for rearing golden pompano was 21.36‰ salinity.


Trachinotus ovatus Salinity Growth Physiological responses Osmoregulation-related genes 



This work was supported by the Guangdong Provincial Science and Technology Project (2019B030316030), China Agriculture Research System (CARS-47), China-ASEAN Maritime Cooperation Fund, National Infrastructure of Fishery Germplasm Resources Project (2019DKA30407) and Guangdong Provincial Special Fund For Modern Agriculture Industry Technology Innovation Teams.

Funding information

This study was supported by the China Agriculture Research System (CARS-47-G07), China-ASEAN maritime cooperation fund, Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province (2015A030313818), Sanya city scientific and technology cooperation of academic and regional (2015YD06), National Science & Technology Infrastructure platform (2018DKA30470), and Guangdong Provincial Special Fund For Modern Agriculture Industry Technology Innovation Teams.

Compliance with ethical standards

All experiments in this study were approved by the Animal Care and Use Committee of South China Sea fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of fishery Sciences (no. SCSFRI96-253) and performed according to the regulations and guidelines established by this committee.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bo Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hua-Yang Guo
    • 1
    • 3
  • Ke-Cheng Zhu
    • 1
    • 3
  • Liang Guo
    • 1
    • 3
  • Bao-Suo Liu
    • 1
    • 3
  • Nan Zhang
    • 1
    • 3
  • Jing-Wen Yang
    • 1
    • 3
  • Shi-Gui Jiang
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  • Dian-Chang Zhang
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of South China Sea Fishery Resources Exploitation and Utilization, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs; South China Sea Fisheries Research InstituteChinese Academy of Fishery SciencesGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.College of Fisheries and Life ScienceShanghai Ocean UniversityShanghaiChina
  3. 3.Guangdong Provincial Engineer Technology Research Center of Marine Biological Seed IndustryGuangzhouChina
  4. 4.Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Fishery Ecology and EnvironmentGuangzhouChina

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