Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 182, Issue 1–4, pp 215–232 | Cite as

Limnological study on a newly built drinking water reservoir near Tirana, Albania

  • Alqiviadh Çullaj
  • Sonila Duka
  • Artan Emiri
  • Erlinda Koni
  • Aleko Miho
  • Bledar Murtaj
  • Spase Shumka
  • Reinhard Bachofen
  • Ferdinand Schanz
  • Helmut Brandl
Article

Abstract

Bovilla Lake is a reservoir constructed 12 years ago for supplying the city of Tirana (Albania) mainly with drinking water. It has a surface area of 4.6 km2, a maximum depth of originally 60 m and is monomictic with a stratification period from early spring to end of October. The lake is oligotrophic with low nutrient concentrations (e.g. SRP in spring about 8 μg L − 1) and minor oxygen depletion in the hypolimnion during thermal stagnation. The lake is highly turbid due to severe particle import by several rivers during rain periods. This led to a massive deposition of sediments, lifting the maximum depth to 45 m in 2008. Furthermore, the photic zone reached hardly more than 10 m. Algal species diversity is high; however, diatoms from the genus Cyclotella dominate most of the year both in numbers and biomass. Our study describes for the first time the hydrography and limnology of the Bovilla Reservoir.

Keywords

Bovilla Reservoir Drinking water supply Turbidity Oligotrophy Suspended material Cyclotella 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alqiviadh Çullaj
    • 1
  • Sonila Duka
    • 1
  • Artan Emiri
    • 2
  • Erlinda Koni
    • 3
  • Aleko Miho
    • 4
  • Bledar Murtaj
    • 5
  • Spase Shumka
    • 6
  • Reinhard Bachofen
    • 7
  • Ferdinand Schanz
    • 7
  • Helmut Brandl
    • 8
  1. 1.Chemistry, Faculty of Natural SciencesUniversity of TiranaTiranaAlbania
  2. 2.Drinking Water Treatment PlantTiranaAlbania
  3. 3.Institute of Veterinary Food SecurityTiranaAlbania
  4. 4.Biology, Faculty of Natural SciencesUniversity of TiranaTiranaAlbania
  5. 5.University Research Center of Waters, Energy and EnvironmentPolytechnic University of TiranaTiranaAlbania
  6. 6.Faculty of Biotechnology and FoodAgricultural University of TiranaTiranaAlbania
  7. 7.Institute of Plant BiologyUniversity of ZürichZürichSwitzerland
  8. 8.Institute of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental SciencesUniversity of ZürichZürichSwitzerland

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