Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory

, Volume 16, Issue 3, pp 246–270 | Cite as

A preliminary model of participation for small groups

  • Jonathan H. Morgan
  • Geoffrey P. Morgan
  • Frank E. Ritter
Article

Abstract

We present a small-group model that moderates agent behavior using several factors to illustrate the influence of social reflexivity on individual behavior. To motivate this work, we review a validated simulation of the Battle of Medenine. Individuals in the battle performed with greater variance than the simulation predicted, suggesting that individual differences are important. Using a light-weight simulation, we implement one means of representing these differences inspired in part by Grossman’s (On Killing: The Psychological Cost of Learning to Kill in War and Society. Little, Brown and Company, New York, 1995) participation formula. This work contributes to a general theory of social reflexivity by offering a theory of participation as a social phenomenon, independent of explicit agent knowledge. We demonstrate that our preliminary version of the participation model generates individual differences that in turn have a meaningful impact on group performance. Specifically, our results suggest that a group member’s location with respect to other group members and observers can be an important exogenous source of individual differences.

Keywords

Social aspects of cognition Participation Reflexivity Individual differences Cognitive architecture 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonathan H. Morgan
    • 1
  • Geoffrey P. Morgan
    • 2
  • Frank E. Ritter
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Information Sciences and TechnologyThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA
  2. 2.The Institute for Software Research, School of Computer ScienceCarnegie Mellon UniversityPittsburghUSA

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