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Catalysis Letters

, Volume 130, Issue 3–4, pp 278–285 | Cite as

Investigation of Planar Ziegler-Natta Model Catalysts Using Attenuated Total Reflection Infrared Spectroscopy

  • Adelaida Andoni
  • John C. Chadwick
  • J. W. (Hans) Niemantsverdriet
  • Peter C. ThüneEmail author
Article

Abstract

A sensitive method is presented for the investigation of planar Ziegler-Natta model catalysts by means of attenuated total internal reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. A solution of MgCl2 in ethanol, optionally containing an internal donor, was spin-coated directly onto a planar ZnSe ATR crystal. Ethylene and propylene polymerization was monitored in situ and ex-situ, respectively, and interaction of a diester internal donor with MgCl2 and TiCl4 was investigated. The isotacticity of the polypropylene produced in the presence and absence of donor was estimated based on characteristic peaks in the infrared spectra.

Keywords

Planar model Attenuated total internal reflection infrared spectroscopy (ATR-IR) Ziegler-Natta Electron donors Polyethylene Polypropylene 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research forms part of the research program of the Dutch Polymer Institute (DPI), The Netherlands, under Project 387. We thank M. E. Donders at Eindhoven University of Technology for his assistance during the in situ measurements and Prof. R. Cipullo of the University of Naples for 13C NMR measurements of polypropylene tacticity. We also thank Prof. V. Busico of the University of Naples for valuable discussions.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adelaida Andoni
    • 1
    • 2
  • John C. Chadwick
    • 2
    • 3
  • J. W. (Hans) Niemantsverdriet
    • 1
    • 2
  • Peter C. Thüne
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Schuit Institute of CatalysisEindhoven University of TechnologyEindhovenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Dutch Polymer Institute (DPI)EindhovenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Laboratory of Polymer ChemistryEindhoven University of TechnologyEindhovenThe Netherlands

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