Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 155, Issue 4, pp 1167–1177 | Cite as

Explaining Helping Behavior in the Workplace: The Interactive Effect of Family-to-Work Conflict and Islamic Work Ethic

  • Dirk De ClercqEmail author
  • Zahid Rahman
  • Inam Ul Haq
Original Paper


Drawing from conservation of resources theory, this study investigates the interactive effect of employees’ family-to-work conflict and Islamic work ethic on their helping behavior, theorizing that the negative relationship between family-to-work conflict and helping behavior is buffered by Islamic ethical values. Data from Pakistan reveal empirical support for this effect. Organizations whose employees suffer resource depletion at work because of family obligations can still enjoy productive helping behaviors within their ranks, to the extent that they support relevant work ethics.


Helping behavior Family-to-work conflict Islamic work ethic Conservation of resources theory 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Goodman School of BusinessBrock UniversitySt. CatharinesCanada
  2. 2.Alberta School of BusinessUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada
  3. 3.Faculty of Management SciencesRiphah International UniversityLahorePakistan
  4. 4.Small Business Research CentreKingston UniversityKingston-Upon-ThamesUK

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