A Multi-level Perspective for the Integration of Ethics, Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainability (ECSRS) in Management Education
- 2.7k Downloads
In recent years, much discussion has taken place regarding the social role of firms and their responsibilities to society. In this context, the role of universities is crucial, as it may shape management students’ attitudes and provide them with the necessary knowledge, skills and critical analysis to make decisions as consumers and future professionals. We emphasise that universities are multi-level learning environments, so there is a need to look beyond formal curricular content and pay more attention to implicit dimensions of the learning process in order to create significant learning. With this in mind, we propose an integrative and holistic approach to guide the integration of ethics, corporate social responsibility and sustainability in management education that aims to improve students’ knowledge and attitudes. In this model, we consider three interdependent levels of analysis–the institutional level, the curricular level and the instrumental level–which together produce a leverage effect on student learning. For each level, we identify the main issues and aspects that need to be considered, based on an extensive literature review in this field.
KeywordsEducation for sustainability Business ethics Corporate social responsibility Sustainability Management education Significant learning
- Ausubel, D. P. (1968). Educational psychology: A cognitive view. Holt, New York: Rinehart & Winston.Google Scholar
- Benn, S., & Bubna-Litic, D. (2004). Is the MBA sustainable? Degrees of change. Galea C (pp. 82–94). Sheffield: Teaching business sustainability.Google Scholar
- Benn, S., & Kramar, R. (2011). Editorial: Introduction and interviews. Educating for sustainability and CSR: What is the role of business schools? Journal of Management & Organization 17(5), 574–582.Google Scholar
- Bennis, W. G., & O’Toole, J. (2005). How business schools lost their way. Harvard Business Review, 83(5), 96–104.Google Scholar
- Dee Fink, L. (2013). Creating significant learning experiences: An integrated approach to designing college courses, revised and updated. San Franscisco: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Dyrud, M.A. (1998). Ethics education for the third millennium. Proceedings of ASEE annual conference. Seattle, Washington.Google Scholar
- Elkington, J. (1999). Cannibals with forks. Gabriola Island, British Columbia: New Society.Google Scholar
- Ethical Corporation (2006). Corporate responsibility and education. Retrieved April 14, 2008, from http://www.ethicalcorp.com on 14.
- European Commission (2002). Communication from the commission concerning corporate social responsibility: A business contribution to sustainable development. Retrieved July 12, 2007, from http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/soc-dial/csr/csr2002_en.pdf.
- Fernández, J. L., & Bajo, A. (2010). The presence of business ethics and csr in the higher education curricula for executives. Journal of Business Ethics Education, 7, 25–38.Google Scholar
- Freeman, E. (1984). Strategic management: A stakeholder approach. Boston: Pitman.Google Scholar
- Freeman, R. E., & Gilbert, D. E, Jr. (1988). Corporate strategy and the search for ethics. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
- Gladwin, T. N., & Kennelly, J. J. (1995). Shifting paradigms for sustainable development: Implications for management theory and research. Academy of Management Review, 20(4), 874–907.Google Scholar
- Godemann, J. Herzig, C., Moon, J., & Powell, A. (2011). Integrating sustainability into business schools—Analysis of 100 UN PRME sharing information on progress (SIP) reports. No. 58-2011 ICCSR Research Paper Series, International Centre for CSR, Nottingham Business School.Google Scholar
- Kelley, S. and Nahser, R. (2014). Developing Sustainable Strategies: Foundations, Method and Pedagogy. Journal of Business Ethics. DOI 10.1007/s10551-013-2014-6.
- Kolb, D.A. (1984). Experiential learning: experience as the source of learning and development: Vol. 1. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.Google Scholar
- Larran, M., Peña, F., Andrades, J., & Muriel de los Reyes, M. J. (2014). Integrating Corporate Social Responsibility into the Business and Marketing Curricula in Spanish Universities. ESIC Market, 45(1), 97–120.Google Scholar
- McKenna, R. J. (1995). Business ethics education: Should we? Can we? Journal of Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management, 1(2), 44–63.Google Scholar
- McWilliams, A., & Siegel, D. (2001). Corporate social responsibility: A theory of the firm perspective. Academy of Management Review, 26(1), 117–127.Google Scholar
- Okpara, J. O., Koumpiadis, N., & Idowu, S. O. (2013). Corporate social responsibility in business education: A review of current status of American business schools curriculum. In J. O. Okpara & S. O. Idowu (Eds.), Corporate social responsibility: CSR, sustainability, ethics & governance (pp. 219–233). Berlin: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Rasche, A., & Escudero, M. (2009). Leading change—The role of the principles for responsible. Journal for Business, Economics & Ethics, 10(2), 244–250.Google Scholar
- Sammalisto, K., & Arvidsson, K. (2005). Environmental management in Swedish higher education: directives, driving forces, hindrances, environmental aspects and environmental co-ordinators in Swedish universities. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 6(1), 18–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Simons, T., Basik, K., & Leroy, H. (2011). Four key steps in developing leader integrity. Management education for integrity: Ethically educating tomorrow’s business leaders. London: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.Google Scholar
- Swanson, D. L., & Fisher, D. G. (2008). Advancing business ethics education. US: Information Age Publishing.Google Scholar
- Swanson, D. L., & Fisher, D. G. (Eds.). (2011). Toward assessing business ethics education. US: Information Age Publishing.Google Scholar
- Tilbury, D. (2011). Are we learning to change? Mapping global progress in education for sustainable development in the lead up to ‘Rio Plus 20’. Global Environmental Research, 14(2), 101–107.Google Scholar
- United Nations Global Compact (2007). Principles for responsible management education. Retrieved September 25, 2007, from http://www.unglobalcompact.org/docs/news_events/8.1/PRME.pdf.
- Velasquez, M. G. (1999). Business ethics: Cases and concepts. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
- WCED. (1987). Our common future. World commission on environment. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Willard, B. (2002). The sustainability advantage: Seven business case benefits of a triple bottom line. Gabriola Island, British Columbia: New Society.Google Scholar
- Wilson, M. (2003). Corporate sustainability: What is it and where does it come from? Ivey Business Journal, 67(6), 1–5.Google Scholar