Aquatic Ecology

, Volume 43, Issue 4, pp 815–823 | Cite as

In situ release of coral mucus by Acropora and its influence on the heterotrophic bacteria

  • Ryota Nakajima
  • Teruaki Yoshida
  • Bin Abdul Rahim Azman
  • Kassim Zaleha
  • Bin Haji Ross Othman
  • Tatsuki Toda


In situ mucus release by Acropora nobilis and degradation of mucus from A. nobilis and Acropora formosa, by heterotrophic bacteria were investigated at Bidong and Tioman Island, Malaysia. Mucus release rate for A. nobilis was on average 38.7 ± 35.2 mg C m−2 h−1, of which ca. 70% consisted of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and 30% particulate organic carbon (POC). In the mucus degradation experiment, seawater-mucus mixtures were incubated and compared with control runs for 24 h. Bacterial abundance in the seawater-mucus mixture increased significantly and coincided with a decline in DOC concentration. In controls, bacteria and DOC did not significantly change. The coral mucus had a high content of inorganic phosphate. It is suggested that the coral mucus rich in DOC and phosphate can induce the high bacterial growth.


Degradation DOC POC Nutrients Acropora nobilis Acropora formosa 



This study was supported by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) and Vice Chancellor’s Council (VCC) in Malaysia in an international cooperative research project “Studies of coral reef ecosystem biodiversity in the Malaysian waters”. We are grateful to Y. P. Rex Yong, S. Hasnorhisyam, K. Murugan, members of Universiti Malaysia Terrenganu (UMT), T. Maekawa, S. P. Kok, F. L. Wee, R. M. Yana, A. G. Lim, and the staff of Marine Park at Tioman Island for assistance and to M. Okamoto, Y. Fuchinoue and A. Nakayama for help in sample analysis. We thank Drs. Y. Tanaka, A. Taniguchi, and Y. Tada, The University of Tokyo, H. Fukami, Kyoto University, and N. Kino for their valuable suggestions and help. Our thanks are also due to Dr. R. D. Gulati and four reviewers for their time and effort in criticizing and polishing the manuscript. All sample collections and experiments were carried out under the permission of UMT and Economical Planning Unit (EPU) of the Malaysian Government. This research was partially funded by JSPS and the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Research Grant UKM-GUP-ASPL-08-04-231.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ryota Nakajima
    • 1
  • Teruaki Yoshida
    • 2
  • Bin Abdul Rahim Azman
    • 2
  • Kassim Zaleha
    • 3
  • Bin Haji Ross Othman
    • 2
  • Tatsuki Toda
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Engineering for Symbiosis, Faculty of EngineeringSoka UniversityHachiojiJapan
  2. 2.Marine Ecosystem Research Centre, Faculty of Science and TechnologyUniversiti Kebangsaan MalaysiaBangiMalaysia
  3. 3.Institute of Tropical AquacultureUniversiti Malaysia TerengganuKuala TerengganuMalaysia

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