Evaluation of anterior chamber parameters with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography

  • Isabel Pinilla Lozano
  • Carmen López de la Fuente
  • Francisco Segura
  • Elvira Orduna Hospital
  • Ana Sánchez-Cano
Clinical Investigation
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Abstract

Purpose

To evaluate several anterior chamber parameters in healthy young adults using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography and to describe the repeatability and reproducibility of this method.

Study design

Prospective clinical study.

Methods

Fifty-two eyes of 52 healthy volunteers were enrolled. Manual measurements of the anterior chamber angle (ACA500 and ACA750), angle opening distance (AOD500 and AOD750), angle-to-angle distance (ATA), anterior chamber width (ACW), and lens vault (LV) were obtained.

Results

The mean nasal ACA500 was 44.87 ± 12.92°; ACA750, 43.94 ± 10.41°; AOD500, 672.54 ± 270.19 µm; AOD750, 881.87 ± 290.55 µm. The mean temporal ACA500 was 41.46 ± 11.20°; ACA750, 41.27 ± 11.31°; AOD500, 603.15 ± 232.28 µm; AOD750, 823.46 ± 308.76 µm. The differences between the corresponding nasal and temporal parameters were statistically significant. The ACW was 11.97 ± 0.42 mm, the ATA was 12.10 ± 0.43 mm, and the LV was 3.71 ± 232.93 µm. The ACA was highly associated with the LV. The intraclass correlation coefficients ranged from 0.984 to 0.999 for the intraobserver repeatability and from 0.966 to 0.998 for the interobserver reproducibility.

Conclusions

This study assessed anterior chamber parameters in healthy young adults using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. This technique reveals the spatial relationships of the ocular structures, provides high-resolution images, and results in high degrees of intraobserver and interobserver repeatabilities.

Keywords

Anterior chamber angle Angle opening distance Anterior chamber width Lens vault Optical coherence tomography 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Publication of this article was supported by the General Council of Aragon (Diputación General de Aragón) Group B99, Health Research Fund Instituto de Salud Carlos III (Fondo de Investigación Sanitaria, Spanish Ministry of Health) PI13/01124, and Health Institute Carlos III (Instituto de Salud Carlos III) RETICS RD16/0008/0016.

Conflicts of interest

I. Pinilla, None; C. L. de la Fuente, None; F. Segura, None; E. O. Hospital, None; A. S. -Cano, None.

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Copyright information

© Japanese Ophthalmological Society 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Isabel Pinilla Lozano
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Carmen López de la Fuente
    • 2
    • 4
  • Francisco Segura
    • 2
    • 4
  • Elvira Orduna Hospital
    • 2
    • 5
  • Ana Sánchez-Cano
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Gynecology and ObstetricsUniversity of ZaragozaZaragozaSpain
  2. 2.Aragon Institute for Health Research (IIS Aragon)ZaragozaSpain
  3. 3.Department of OphthalmologyLozano Blesa University HospitalZaragozaSpain
  4. 4.Department of Applied PhysicsUniversity of ZaragozaZaragozaSpain
  5. 5.Department of Physiology and PharmacologyUniversity of ZaragozaZaragozaSpain

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