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Parasitology Research

, 101:247 | Cite as

Influence of pattern of exposure, parasite genetic diversity and sex on the degree of protection against reinfection with Schistosoma mansoni

  • M. Dumont
  • H. Moné
  • G. Mouahid
  • M. A. Idris
  • M. Shaban
  • J. BoissierEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

This paper analyzed, experimentally, the influences of pattern of exposure, parasite genetic diversity, and parasite sex on the degree of protection against reinfection with Schistosoma mansoni in the mouse. The results show that, (1) in infections with one male parasite genotype, successive infections induced a significant decrease in the infectivity of the parasite and significant increases in the spleen and liver weights compared to mass infections, (2) successive infections with one male genotype induced a significant decrease in the infectivity of the parasite compared to successive infections with five male genotypes, and (3) genotype infectivities were determined by the order at which they were used in the successive infections. These results are discussed in terms of protective effect and concomitant immunity and provide an ecological explanation of the natural sex-biased dispersal toward the male schistosomes.

Keywords

Male Infection Spleen Weight Female Infectivity Parasite Genotype Male Genotype 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported financially by the French Ministère des Affaires étrangères and the CNRS. We thank Andreas Ruppel for input on the manuscript and Salim Al Yafae and Bernard Dejean for technical assistance. The laboratory where this experimental work was done is a WHO Collaborating Center.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Dumont
    • 1
  • H. Moné
    • 1
  • G. Mouahid
    • 1
  • M. A. Idris
    • 2
  • M. Shaban
    • 3
  • J. Boissier
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.UMR 5244 CNRS-EPHE-UPVDBiologie et Écologie Tropicale et Méditerranéenne UniversitéPerpignan CedexFrance
  2. 2.Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Medicine and Health SciencesSultan Qaboos UniversityMuscatOman
  3. 3.Ministry of Health, Directorate General of Health Services—Dhofar GovernorateSalalahOman

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