Advertisement

Applied Physics B

, Volume 114, Issue 1–2, pp 173–182 | Cite as

Ra+ ion trapping: toward an atomic parity violation measurement and an optical clock

  • M. Nuñez Portela
  • E. A. Dijck
  • A. Mohanty
  • H. Bekker
  • J. E. van den Berg
  • G. S. Giri
  • S. Hoekstra
  • C. J. G. Onderwater
  • S. Schlesser
  • R. G. E. Timmermans
  • O. O. Versolato
  • L. Willmann
  • H. W. Wilschut
  • K. JungmannEmail author
Article

Abstract

A single Ra+ ion stored in a Paul radio frequency ion trap has excellent potential for a precision measurement of the electroweak mixing angle at low momentum transfer and as the most stable optical clock. The effective transport and cooling of singly charged ions of the isotopes 209Ra to 214Ra in a gas filled radio frequency quadrupole device is reported. The absolute frequencies of the transition 7s2S1/2–7d2D3/2 at wavelength 828 nm have been determined in 212–214Ra+ with ≤19 MHz uncertainty using laser spectroscopy on small samples of ions trapped in a linear Paul trap at the online facility Trapped Radioactive Isotopes: µicrolaboratories for fundamental Physics (TRIµP) of the Kernfysisch Versneller Instituut.

Keywords

Laser Spectroscopy Paul Trap Optical Clock Clock Transition Radio Frequency Quadrupole 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work is supported by the Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM), which is part of the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO), under programme 114 TRIμ P, programme 125 Broken Mirrors & Drifting Constants and project 06PR2499 Parity violation in a single trapped ion as a probe of electroweak running. One of us (O.O.V.) acknowledges a top talent grant from NWO. We appreciate the excellent technical support of KVI staff, and we could draw in particular on the expertise of O. Böll, O. Dermois and L. Huisman.

References

  1. 1.
    W. Paul, M. Raether, Z. Phys. 140(3), 262 (1955)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    F.v. Busch, W. Paul, H.P. Reinhard, U.v. Zahn, in Electromagnetic Separation of Radioactive Isotopes, ed. by M.J. Higatsberger, F.P. Viehböck (Springer Vienna, 1961), pp. 113–120Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    W. Paul, Rev. Mod. Phys. 62(3), 531 (1990)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    W. Paul, E. Fischer, O. Osberghaus, Ein Ionenkäfig, Forschungsberichte des Wirtschafts- und Verkehrsministeriums Nordrhein-Westfalen, vol. 415 (VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, 1958)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    F.G. Major, V.N. Gheorghe, G. Werth, Charged Particle Traps. (Springer, New York, 2005)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    H.J. Kluge, Nucl. Phys. News 14(1), 14 (2004)CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    K. Blaum, J. Dilling, W. Nörtershäuser, Phys. Scr., T 152(1), 014017 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    A.E. Leanhardt, J.L. Bohn, H. Loh, P. Maletinsky, E.R. Meyer, L.C. Sinclair, R.P. Stutz, E.A. Cornell, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 270(1), 1 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    T.W. Koerber, M. Schacht, W. Nagourney, E.N. Fortson, J. Phys. B 36(3), 637 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    L.W. Wansbeek, B.K. Sahoo, R.G.E. Timmermans, K. Jungmann, B.P. Das, D. Mukherjee, Phys. Rev. A 78(5), 050501 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M.A. Bouchiat, C.C. Bouchiat, Phys. Lett. B 48(2), 111 (1974)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. Derevianko, S.G. Porsev, Eur. Phys. J. A 32(4), 517 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    O.O. Versolato, L.W. Wansbeek, G.S. Giri, van den J.E. Berg, van der D.J. Hoek, K. Jungmann, W.L. Kruithof, C.J.G. Onderwater, B.K. Sahoo, B. Santra, P.D. Shidling, R.G.E. Timmermans, L. Willmann, H.W. Wilschut, Hyperfine Interact. 199(1–3), 9 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    B.K. Sahoo, P. Mandal, M. Mukherjee, Phys. Rev. A 83(3), 030502 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    N. Fortson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70(16), 2383 (1993)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    J.A. Sherman, A. Andalkar, W. Nagourney, E.N. Fortson, Phys. Rev. A 78(5), 052514 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    A. Kleczewski, M.R. Hoffman, J.A. Sherman, E. Magnuson, B.B. Blinov, E.N. Fortson, Phys. Rev. A 85(4), 043418 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    P. Mandal, A. Sen, M. Mukherjee, Hyperfine Interact. 196(1–3), 261 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    V.A. Dzuba, V.V. Flambaum, J.S.M. Ginges, Phys. Rev. A 63(6), 062101 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    B.A. Brown, A. Derevianko, V.V. Flambaum, Phys. Rev. C 79(3), 035501 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    V.A. Dzuba, V.V. Flambaum, Phys. Rev. A 83(5), 052513 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    H. Gharibnejad, E. Eliav, M.S. Safronova, A. Derevianko, Phys. Rev. A 83(5), 052502 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    V.A. Dzuba, V.V. Flambaum, Int. J. Mod. Phys. E 21(11), 1230010 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    V.A. Dzuba, J.C. Berengut, V.V. Flambaum, B. Roberts, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(20), 203003 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    R. Pal, D. Jiang, M.S. Safronova, U.I. Safronova, Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 062505 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    C.S. Wood, S.C. Bennett, D. Cho, B.P. Masterson, J.L. Roberts, C.E. Tanner, C.E. Wieman, Science 275(5307), 1759 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    S.C. Bennett, C.E. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(12), 2484 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    S.G. Porsev, K. Beloy, A. Derevianko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(18), 181601 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    V.A. Dzuba, V.V. Flambaum, O.P. Sushkov, Phys. Rev. A 51(5), 3454 (1995)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    M.S. Safronova, W.R. Johnson, Phys. Rev. A 62(2), 022112 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    B.K. Sahoo, J. Phys. B 43(8), 085005 (2010)ADSCrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    S. Aubin, J.A. Behr, R. Collister, V.V. Flambaum, E. Gomez, G. Gwinner, K.P. Jackson, D. Melconian, L.A. Orozco, M.R. Pearson, D. Sheng, G.D. Sprouse, M. Tandecki, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, Hyperfine Interact. 214(1–3), 163 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    E. Gomez, L.A. Orozco, G.D. Sprouse, Rep. Prog. Phys. 69(1), 79 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    A. Czarnecki, W.J. Marciano, Nature 435(7041), 437 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    J. Erler, M.J. Ramsey-Musolf, Phys. Rev. D 72(7), 073003 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    S.G. Porsev, K. Beloy, A. Derevianko, Phys. Rev. D 82(3), 036008 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    B.K. Sahoo, B.P. Das, R.K. Chaudhuri, D. Mukherjee, R.G.E. Timmermans, K. Jungmann, Phys. Rev. A 76(4), 040504 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    E. Rasmussen, Z. Phys. 86(1–2), 24 (1933)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    O.O. Versolato, G.S. Giri, L.W. Wansbeek, van den J.E. Berg, van der D.J. Hoek, K. Jungmann, W.L. Kruithof, C.J.G. Onderwater, B.K. Sahoo, B. Santra, P.D. Shidling, R.G.E. Timmermans, L. Willmann, H.W. Wilschut, Phys. Rev. A 82(1), 010501 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    O.O. Versolato, G.S. Giri, van den J.E. Berg, O. Böll, U. Dammalapati, van der D.J. Hoek, S. Hoekstra, K. Jungmann, W.L. Kruithof, S. Müller, M. Nuñez Portela, C.J.G. Onderwater, B. Santra, R.G.E. Timmermans, L.W. Wansbeek, L. Willmann, H.W. Wilschut, Phys. Lett. A 375(35), 3130 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Nuñez Portela M., J.E. van den Berg, H. Bekker, O. Böll, E.A. Dijck, G.S. Giri, S. Hoekstra, K. Jungmann, A. Mohanty, C.J.G. Onderwater, B. Santra, S. Schlesser, R.G.E. Timmermans, O.O. Versolato, L.W. Wansbeek, L. Willmann, H.W. Wilschut. Hyperfine Interact. 214(1–3), 157 (2013)Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    G.S. Giri, O.O. Versolato, van den J.E. Berg, O. Böll, U. Dammalapati, van der D.J. Hoek, K. Jungmann, W.L. Kruithof, S. Müller, M. Nuñez Portela, C.J.G. Onderwater, B. Santra, R.G.E. Timmermans, L.W. Wansbeek, L. Willmann, H.W. Wilschut, Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 020503 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    L.W. Wansbeek, S. Schlesser, B.K. Sahoo, A.E.L. Dieperink, C.J.G. Onderwater, R.G.E. Timmermans, Phys. Rev. C 86(1), 015503 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    W. Neuhauser, M. Hohenstatt, P.E. Toschek, H. Dehmelt, Phys. Rev. A 22(3), 1137 (1980)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    H. Dehmelt, Rev. Mod. Phys. 62(3), 525 (1990)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    D.J. Wineland, Science 226(4673), 395 (1984)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    V.A. Dzuba, V.V. Flambaum, Phys. Rev. A 61(3), 034502 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    B.K. Sahoo, R.G.E. Timmermans, B.P. Das, D. Mukherjee, Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 062506 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    O.O. Versolato, L.W. Wansbeek, K. Jungmann, R.G.E. Timmermans, L. Willmann, H.W. Wilschut, Phys. Rev. A 83(4), 043829 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    B. Arora, D.K. Nandy, B.K. Sahoo, Phys. Rev. A 85(1), 012506 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    S.N. Lea, Rep. Prog. Phys. 70(9), 1473 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    J.C. Berengut, V.V. Flambaum, Hyperfine Interact. 196(1–3), 269 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    H.S. Margolis, Contemp. Phys. 51(1), 37 (2010)ADSCrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    P.D. Shidling, G.S. Giri, van der D.J. Hoek, K. Jungmann, W. Kruithof, C.J.G. Onderwater, M. Sohani, O.O. Versolato, L. Willmann, H.W. Wilschut, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 606(3), 305 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    P.D. Shidling, G.S. Giri, van der D.J. Hoek, K. Jungmann, W.L. Kruithof, C.J.G. Onderwater, B. Santra, M. Sohani, O.O. Versolato, L. Willmann, H.W. Wilschut, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 622(1), 11 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    E. Traykov, U. Dammalapati, S. De, O.C. Dermois, L. Huisman, K. Jungmann, W. Kruithof, A.J. Mol, C.J.G. Onderwater, A. Rogachevskiy, M. da Silvae Silva, M. Sohani, O. Versolato, L. Willmann, H.W. Wilschut, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. B 266(19–20), 4532 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    E. Traykov, M. Beck, M. Breitenfeldt, P. Delahaye, V.D. Leebeeck, P. Friedag, A. Herlert, N. Geeraert, W. Heirman, P.I. Lønne, J. Mader, S. Roccia, G. Soti, M. Tandecki, M. Timmermans, J. Thiboud, S.V. Gorp, F. Wauters, C. Weinheimer, D. Zákoucký, N. Severijns, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 648(1), 1 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    F. Herfurth, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. B 204, 587 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    M. Maier, C. Boudreau, F. Buchinger, J.A. Clark, J.E. Crawford, J. Dilling, H. Fukutani, S. Gulick, J.K.P. Lee, R.B. Moore, G. Savard, J. Schwartz, K.S. Sharma, Hyperfine Interact. 132(1–4), 517 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    A. Kellerbauer, G. Bollen, J. Dilling, S. Henry, F. Herfurth, H.J. Kluge, E. Lamour, R.B. Moore, C. Scheidenberger, S. Schwarz, G. Sikler, J. Szerypo, Nucl. Phys. A 701(1–4), 565 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    M. Sohani, H.W. Wilschut, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 679, 25 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    G.P.A. Berg, O.C. Dermois, U. Dammalapati, P. Dendooven, M.N. Harakeh, K. Jungmann, C.J.G. Onderwater, A. Rogachevskiy, M. Sohani, L. TraykovE. Willmann, H.W. Wilschut, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 560(2), 169 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    O.O. Versolato, L.W. Wansbeek, G.S. Giri, van den J.E. Berg, van der D.J. Hoek, K. Jungmann, W.L. Kruithof, C.J.G. Onderwater, B.K. Sahoo, B. Santra, P.D. Shidling, R.G.E. Timmermans, L. Willmann, H.W. Wilschut, Can. J. Phys. 89(1), 65 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    G.S. Giri, O.O. Versolato, L.W. Wansbeek, van den J.E. Berg, van der D.J. Hoek, K. Jungmann, W.L. Kruithof, C.J.G. Onderwater, B.K. Sahoo, B. Santra, P.D. Shidling, R.G.E. Timmermans, L. Willmann, H.W. Wilschut, Can. J. Phys. 89(1), 69 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    K. Wendt, S. Ahmad, W. Klempt, R. Neugart, E.W. Otten, H.H. Stroke, Z. Phys. D 4(3), 227 (1987)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    W. Neu, R. Neugart, E.W. Otten, G. Passler, K. Wendt, B. Fricke, E. Arnold, H.J. Kluge, G. Ulm, ISOLDE Collaboration, Z. Phys. D 11(2), 105 (1988)Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    X. Fléchard, E. Liénard, A. Méry, D. Rodríguez, G. Ban, D. Durand, F. Duval, M. Herbane, M. Labalme, F. Mauger, O. Naviliat-Cuncic, Ph. ThomasJ.C. Velten, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(21), 212504 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    N.D. Scielzo, G. Li, M.G. Sternberg, G. Savard, Bertone, P.F., F. Buchinger, S. Caldwell, J.A. Clark, J. Crawford, C.M. Deibel, J. Fallis, J.P. Greene, S. Gulick, A.A. Hecht, D. Lascar, J.K.P. Lee, A.F. Levand, M. Pedretti, R.E. Segel, H. Sharma, K.S. Sharma, I. Tanihata, J. Van Schelt, R.M. Yee, B.J. Zabransky, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A 681, 94 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    J. Cariou, P. Luc, Atlas du Spectre d’Absorption de la Molécule de Tellure, vol. 21 100 cm−1–23 800 cm−1 (Laboratoire Aimé Cotton, CNRS II, Orsay, 1980)Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    S. Gerstenkorn, J. Verges, J. Chevillard, Atlas du Spectre d’Absorption de la Molécule de d’Iode, vol. 14,000cm−1–15,600cm−1 (Laboratoire Aimé Cotton, CNRS II, Orsay, 1978)Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    H. Knöckel, B. Bodermann, E. Tiemann, Eur. Phys. J. D 28(2), 199 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    T.A. Isaev, S. Hoekstra, R. Berger, Phys. Rev. A 82(5), 052521 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    L.W. Wansbeek, Atomic parity violation in a single radium ion. Ph.D. thesis, University of Groningen (2011)Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    G.S. Giri, Radium ion spectroscopy towards atomic parity violation in a single trapped ion. Ph.D. thesis, University of Groningen (2011)Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    O.O. Versolato, Laser spectroscopy of trapped Ra+ ions: towards a single-ion optical clock. Ph.D. thesis, University of Groningen (2011)Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    L. Lorini, N. Ashby, A. Brusch, S. Diddams, R. Drullinger, E. Eason, T. Fortier, P. Hastings, T. Heavner, D. Hume, W. Itano, S. Jefferts, N. Newbury, T. Parker, T. Rosenband, J. Stalnaker, W. Swann, D. Wineland, J. Bergquist, Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 163(1), 19 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Nuñez Portela
    • 1
  • E. A. Dijck
    • 1
  • A. Mohanty
    • 1
  • H. Bekker
    • 3
  • J. E. van den Berg
    • 1
  • G. S. Giri
    • 2
  • S. Hoekstra
    • 1
  • C. J. G. Onderwater
    • 1
  • S. Schlesser
    • 1
  • R. G. E. Timmermans
    • 1
  • O. O. Versolato
    • 3
  • L. Willmann
    • 1
  • H. W. Wilschut
    • 1
  • K. Jungmann
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Kernfysisch Versneller Instituut (KVI)University of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of SussexBrightonUK
  3. 3.Max-Planck-Institut für KernphysikHeidelbergGermany

Personalised recommendations