Stereoselective reduction of ethyl 4-chloro-3-oxobutanoate by Escherichia coli transformant cells coexpressing the aldehyde reductase and glucose dehydrogenase genes
The asymmetric reduction of ethyl 4-chloro-3-oxobutanoate (COBE) to ethyl (R)-4-chloro-3-hydroxybutanoate [(R)-CHBE] using Escherichia coli cells, which coexpress both the aldehyde reductase gene from Sporobolomyces salmonicolor and the glucose dehydrogenase (GDH) gene from Bacillus megaterium as a catalyst was investigated. In an organic solvent-water two-phase system, (R)-CHBE formed in the organic phase amounted to 1610 mM (268 mg/ml), with a molar yield of 94.1% and an optical purity of 91.7% enantiomeric excess. The calculated turnover number of NADP+ to CHBE formed was 13 500 mol/mol. Since the use of E. coli JM109 cells harboring pKAR and pACGD as a catalyst is simple, and does not require the addition of GDH or the isolation of the enzymes, it is highly advantageous for the practical synthesis of (R)-CHBE.
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