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Flexible cellulose-based material with a higher conductivity and electromagnetic shielding performance from electroless nickel plating

Abstract

Electromagnetic radiation pollution has become more serious in our daily life. The portable, flexible materials with an ultrahigh electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness (EMI SE) are highly desirable to meet the needs of different applications. In this study, such a material was prepared by combining cellulose paper substrate with an effective electroless plating, which involved successive steps of 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) modification, PdCl2 activation and nickel coating deposition. The interaction mechanism among cellulose paper, APTES and PdCl2 was researched by FTIR and XPS measurements. According to SEM and XRD analyses, the nickel particles, with an average grain size of 14.742 nm, were densely deposited on the surface of cellulose paper, which formed excellent conductive paths. The electrical conductivity and EMI SE increased with an increase in plating time. When the plating time was 60 min, the sheet resistance was 97.1 mΩ/sq, and the EMI SE reached 44.1 dB in a frequency range of 8.2–12.4 GHz. The deposited Ni coating improved the self-cleaning and corrosion resistance properties of the cellulose paper. This work provides a sustainable, multifunctional, flexible cellulose paper-based shielding material that can achieve large-scale production.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by The National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFD0600204) and Special Project for Double First-Class--Cultivation of Innovative Talents (000/41113102).

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Correspondence to Lijuan Wang.

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Liu, R., Wang, D., Xie, Y. et al. Flexible cellulose-based material with a higher conductivity and electromagnetic shielding performance from electroless nickel plating. Wood Sci Technol (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00226-021-01297-3

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