Electromagnetic radiation pollution has become more serious in our daily life. The portable, flexible materials with an ultrahigh electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness (EMI SE) are highly desirable to meet the needs of different applications. In this study, such a material was prepared by combining cellulose paper substrate with an effective electroless plating, which involved successive steps of 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) modification, PdCl2 activation and nickel coating deposition. The interaction mechanism among cellulose paper, APTES and PdCl2 was researched by FTIR and XPS measurements. According to SEM and XRD analyses, the nickel particles, with an average grain size of 14.742 nm, were densely deposited on the surface of cellulose paper, which formed excellent conductive paths. The electrical conductivity and EMI SE increased with an increase in plating time. When the plating time was 60 min, the sheet resistance was 97.1 mΩ/sq, and the EMI SE reached 44.1 dB in a frequency range of 8.2–12.4 GHz. The deposited Ni coating improved the self-cleaning and corrosion resistance properties of the cellulose paper. This work provides a sustainable, multifunctional, flexible cellulose paper-based shielding material that can achieve large-scale production.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Ali A, Baheti V, Vik M, Militky J (2020) Copper electroless plating of cotton fabrics after surface activation with deposition of silver and copper nanoparticles. J Phys Chem Solids 137:109181
Al-Saleh MH, Saadeh WH, Sundararaj U (2013) EMI shielding effectiveness of carbon based nanostructured polymeric materials: a comparative study. Carbon 60:146–156
Bharti M, Singh A, Singh BP, Dhakate SR, Saini G, Bhattacharya S, Debnath AK, Muthe KP, Aswal DK (2020) Free-standing flexible multiwalled carbon nanotubes paper for wearable thermoelectric power generator. J Power Sourc 449:227493
Cao T, Chen F, Zhu J, Zhang G, Jiang Y, Ma G, Chen F (2018) Binary Strengthening and toughening of MXene/cellulose nanofiber composite paper with nacre-inspired structure and superior electromagnetic interference shielding properties. ACS Nano 12(5):4583–4593
Chen Y, Pang L, Li Y, Luo H, Duan G, Mei C, Jiang S (2020) Ultra-thin and highly flexible cellulose nanofiber/silver nanowire conductive paper for effective electromagnetic interference shielding. Composit Part A Appl Sci Manuf 135:105960
Cheng Y, Seow Y, Zhao H, Xu J, Ji G (2020) A flexible and lightweight biomass-reinforced microwave absorber. Nano–Micro Lett 12(1).
Collard FX, Bensakhria A, Drobek M, Volle G, Blin J (2015) Influence of impregnated iron and nickel on the pyrolysis of cellulose. Biomass Bioenerg 80:52–62
Dall’Acqua L, Tonin C, Varesano A, Canetti M, Porzio W, Catellani M (2006) Vapour phase polymerisation of pyrrole on cellulose-based textile substrates. Synth Metals 156(5–6):379–3866
Deonath PK (1981) Cast aluminium alloy composites containing copper-coated ground mica particles. J Mater Sci 16(6):1599–1606
do Amaral Jr A, Marcuzzo S, Pinheiro S, Lopes K, de Oliveira S, Matsushima T, Baldan R (2019) Study of reflection process for nickel coated activated carbon fiber felt applied with electromagnetic interference shielding. Journal of Materials Research and Technology 8(5):4040-4047
Dutta B, Kar E, Sen G, Bose N, Mukherjee S (2020) Lightweight, flexible NiO@SiO2/PVDF nanocomposite film for UV protection and EMI shielding application. Mater Res Bull 124:110746
Ezati P, Tajik H, Moradi M (2019) Fabrication and characterization of alizarin colorimetric indicator based on cellulose-chitosan to monitor the freshness of minced beef. Sens Actuat B Chem 285:519–528
Gao W, Zhao N, Yu T, Xi J, Mao A, Yuan M, Bai H, Gao C (2020) High-efficiency electromagnetic interference shielding realized in nacre-mimetic graphene/polymer composite with extremely low graphene loading. Carbon 157:570–577
Garg K, De C (1993) Metal-coated colloidal particles. J Mater Sci 28(13):3427–3432
Gurunathan T, Chung S (2016) Physicochemical properties of amino–silane-terminated vegetable oil-based waterborne polyurethane nanocomposites. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 4(9):4645–4653
Hu D, Huang X, Li S, Jiang P (2020) Flexible and durable cellulose/MXene nanocomposite paper for efficient electromagnetic interference shielding. Composit Sci Technol 188:107995
Huang Q, Zhang K, Yang Y, Ren J, Sun R, Huang F, Wang X (2019) Highly smooth, stable and reflective Ag-paper electrode enabled by silver mirror reaction for organic optoelectronics. Chem Eng J 370:1048–1056
Jiang X, Guo H (2011) Electromagnetic shielding and corrosion resistance of electroless Ni–P/Cu–Ni multilayer plated polyester fabric. Surf Coat Technol 205(17–18):4274–4279
Kowalczyk D, Slomkowski S, Chehimi M, Delamar M (1996) Adsorption of aminopropyltriethoxy silane on quartz: an XPS and contact angle measurements study. Int J Adhes Adhes 16(4):227–232
Lee H, Yu S, Shahzad F, Hong J, Noh J, Kim N, Hong M, Koo M (2019) Low percolation 3D Cu and Ag shell network composites for EMI shielding and thermal conduction. Composit Sci Technol 182:107778
Li J, Wang L, Liu H (2010) A new process for preparing conducting wood veneers by electroless nickel plating. Surf Coat Technol 204(8):1200–1205
Li S, Li J, Ma N, Liu D, Sui G (2019) Super-compression-resistant multiwalled carbon nanotube/nickel-coated carbonized loofah fiber/polyether ether ketone composite with excellent electromagnetic shielding performance. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 7(16):13970–13980
Liu H, Li J, Wang L (2010) Electroless nickel plating on APTHS modified wood veneer for EMI shielding. Appl Surf Sci 257(4):1325–1330
Liu R, Li T, Xu J, Zhang T, Xie Y, Li J, Wang L (2021) Sandwich-structural Ni/Fe3O4/Ni/cellulose paper with a honeycomb surface for improved absorption performance of electromagnetic interference. Carbohyd Polym 260:117840
Mech K (2019) A novel magnetoelectrochemical method of synthesis of photoactive Ni-TiO2 coatings from glycinate electrolytes. Mater Design 182:108055
Mirabedini M, Esfandeh M, Farnood R, Rajabi P (2019) Amino-silane surface modification of urea-formaldehyde microcapsules containing linseed oil for improved epoxy matrix compatibility. Part I: optimizing silane treatment conditions. Progress Organ Coat 136:105242
Mohanraj J, Durgalakshmi D, Rakkesh A, Balakumar S, Rajendran S, Karimi H (2020) Facile synthesis of paper based graphene electrodes for point of care devices: a double stranded DNA (dsDNA) biosensor. J Colloid Interface Sci 566:463–472
Neeft A, Hoornaert F, Makkee M, Moulijn A (1996) The effects of heat and mass transfer in thermogravimetrical analysis. A case study towards the catalytic oxidation of soot. Thermochim Acta 287(2):261–278
Omura T, Chan H, Wakisaka M, Nishida H (2019) Organic thin paper of cellulose nanofiber/polyaniline doped with (+/-)-10-camphorsulfonic acid nanohybrid and its application to electromagnetic shielding. ACS Omega 4(5):9446–9452
Quan B, Gu W, Sheng J, Lv X, Mao Y, Liu L, Huang X, Tian Z, Ji G (2020) From intrinsic dielectric loss to geometry patterns: dual-principles strategy for ultrabroad band microwave absorption. Nano Res 14(5):1495–1501
Ramos R, Tapia G, Piñol N, Lantican B, del Mundo F, Manalo D, Herrera U (2019) Morphological, electrical and antimicrobial properties of polyaniline-coated paper prepared via a two-pot layer-by-layer technique. Mater Chem Phys 238:121972
Sano M, Tahara Y, Chen Y, Chang M, Hashimoto T, Kurosu H, Sato T, Sone M (2016) Application of supercritical carbon dioxide in catalyzation and Ni–P electroless plating of nylon 6,6 textile. Surf Coat Technol 302:336–343
Scholz J, Nocke G, Hollstein F, Weissbach A (2005) Investigations on fabrics coated with precious metals using the magnetron sputter technique with regard to their anti-microbial properties. Surf Coat Technol 192(2–3):252–256
Shafizadeh F, Bradbury W, DeGroot F, Aanerud W (1982) Role of inorganic additives in the smoldering combustion of cotton cellulose. Ind Eng Chem Prod Res Dev 21(1):97–101
Vazhayal L, Wilson P, Prabhakaran K (2020) Waste to wealth: lightweight, mechanically strong and conductive carbon aerogels from waste tissue paper for electromagnetic shielding and CO2 adsorption. Chem Eng J 381:122628
Vitry V, Kanta AF, Dille J, Delaunois F (2012) Structural state of electroless nickel–boron deposits (5 wt.% B): Characterization by XRD and TEM. Surf Coat Technol 206(16):3444–3449
Wan C, Jiao Y, Qiang T, Li J (2017) Cellulose-derived carbon aerogels supported goethite (alpha-FeOOH) nanoneedles and nanoflowers for electromagnetic interference shielding. Carbohyd Polym 156:427–434
Wang Q, Xiao S, Shi Q, Xu S, Cai L (2019) Self-bonded natural fiber product with high hydrophobic and EMI shielding performance via magnetron sputtering Cu film. Appl Surf Sci 475:947–952
Wu L, Li Y, Wang J, Mao P, Xu H, Zhong Y, Zhang P, Sui F (2018) Electroless Ag-plated sponges by tunable deposition onto cellulose-derived templates for ultra-high electromagnetic interference shielding. Mater Des 159:47–56
Yang Y, Huang Q, Payne GF, Sun R, Wang X (2019) A highly conductive, pliable and foldable Cu/cellulose paper electrode enabled by controlled deposition of copper nanoparticles. Nanoscale 11(2):725–732
Youssef M (2014) Morphological studies of polyaniline nanocomposite based mesostructured TiO2 nanowires as conductive packaging materials. RSC Adv 4(13):6811
Youssef M, Kamel S, El-Sakhawy M, El Samahy A (2012) Structural and electrical properties of paper-polyaniline composite. Carbohyd Polym 90(2):1003–1007
Youssef M, Mohamed A, Abdel S, Abdel E, Turky G, Kamel S (2016) Biological studies and electrical conductivity of paper sheet based on PANI/PS/Ag-NPs nanocomposite. Carbohyd Polym 147:333–343
Yu J, Gu W, Zhao H, Ji G (2021) Lightweight, flexible and freestanding PVA/PEDOT: PSS/AgNWs film for high-performance electromagnetic interference shielding. Sci China Mater 64:1723–1732
Zhang K, Gu X, Dai Q, Yuan B, Yan Y, Guo M (2019) Flexible polyaniline-coated poplar fiber composite membranes with effective electromagnetic shielding performance. Vacuum 170:108990
Zhang Y, Qiu M, Yu Y, Wen B, Cheng L (2017) A Novel polyaniline-coated bagasse fiber composite with core-shell heterostructure provides effective electromagnetic shielding performance. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 9(1):809–818
Zhao H, Lu Y (2016) Comparative study of electroless nickel film on different organic acids modified cuprammonium fabric (CF). Appl Surf Sci 362:154–162
Zhao X, Chen H, Wang S, Wu Q, Xia N, Kong F (2018) Electroless decoration of cellulose paper with nickel nanoparticles: a hybrid carbon fiber for supercapacitors. Mater Chem Phys 215:157–162
Zheng L, Ma S, Wang Z, Shi Y, Zhang Q, Xu X, Chen Q (2019) Ni–P nanostructures on flexible paper for morphology effect of nonenzymatic electrocatalysis for urea. Electrochim Acta 320:134586
Zhou M, Gu W, Wang G, Zheng J, Pei C, Fan F, Ji G (2020) Sustainable wood-based composites for microwave absorption and electromagnetic interference shielding. J Mater Chem A 8(46):24267–24283
Zhu C, Chalmers E, Chen L, Wang Y, Xu B, Li Y, Liu X (2019) A nature-inspired, flexible substrate strategy for future wearable electronics. Small 15(35):e1902440
Zhu C, Guan X, Wang X, Li Y, Chalmers E, Liu X (2018) Mussel-inspired flexible, durable, and conductive fibers manufacturing for finger-monitoring sensors. Adv Mater Interfaces 6(1):1801547
Zhu P, Dai B, Ren Y, Xu Y (2013) the electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness of carbonized bacterial cellulose coated with nickel by electroless plating. Appl Mech Mater 395–396:88–95
This work was supported by The National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFD0600204) and Special Project for Double First-Class--Cultivation of Innovative Talents (000/41113102).
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.
About this article
Cite this article
Liu, R., Wang, D., Xie, Y. et al. Flexible cellulose-based material with a higher conductivity and electromagnetic shielding performance from electroless nickel plating. Wood Sci Technol (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00226-021-01297-3