Empirical Economics

, Volume 54, Issue 3, pp 945–957 | Cite as

Does international tourism affect international trade and economic growth? The Indian experience

  • K. G. Suresh
  • Aviral Kumar Tiwari


This study attempts to investigate the relationship between international tourism, trade, and economic growth in India over the period from April 1991 to July 2012. To account for potential asymmetries in the relationship, we make use of new asymmetric Granger-causality tests and frequency analysis. We show that there is bidirectional Granger-causality between trade and tourism in positive components, whereas unidirectional Granger-causality runs from tourism to trade for negative components. Moreover, we find evidence of bidirectional Granger-causality between economic growth and tourism in positive components, but unidirectional Granger-causality running from economic growth to tourism for negative components. On the other hand, the results from frequency analysis provide evidence of Granger-causality between trade and tourism, and also between economic growth and tourism, at different frequency bands.


Trade Tourism Economic growth Asymmetric causality 

JEL Classification

L8 L83 F1 F43 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ICFAI Business SchoolIFHE UniversityHyderabadIndia
  2. 2.Montpellier Business SchoolMontpellierFrance

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