Cutting performance of Si3N4/TiC micro-nanocomposite ceramic tool in dry machining of hardened steel

  • Zhijie LüEmail author
  • Lili Deng
  • Qingbo Tian
  • Xiaoli Zhao


A type of Si3N4/TiC micro-nanocomposite ceramic cutting tool material was fabricated using Si3N4 micro-matrix with Si3N4 and TiC nanoparticles. Cutting performance of the Si3N4/TiC ceramic cutting tool in dry cutting of hardened steel was investigated in comparison with a commercial Sialon insert. Hard turning experiments were carried out at three different cutting speeds, namely 97, 114, and 156 m/min. Feed rate (f) and depth of cut (a p) were fixed at 0.1 mm/rev and 0.2 mm, respectively. Results showed that cutting temperature increased rapidly to nearly 1000 °C with increasing cutting speed. The two types of cutting tools featured similar wear behavior. However, the Si3N4/TiC micro-nanocomposite ceramic cutting tool exhibited better wear resistance than the Sialon tool. Morphologies of crater and flank wear were observed with a scanning electron microscope. Results indicated that wear variation of the two types of ceramic cutting tools differed in the same conditions. Wear of the Si3N4/TiC micro-nanocomposite ceramic cutting tool is mainly dominated by abrasion and adhesion, whereas that of the Sialon ceramic cutting tool is dominated by abrasion, adhesion, thermal shock cracking, and flaking.


Silicon nitride Ceramic cutting tool Cutting performance Hardened steel Wear mechanism 


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Foundation items: project (51375281) support by the National Natural Science Foundation of China and project (ZR2011EEM033) support by the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province.


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© Springer-Verlag London Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical and Electronic EngineeringShandong Jianzhu UniversityJinanChina
  2. 2.School of Materials Science and EngineeringShandong Jianzhu UniversityJinanChina

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