Skip to main content

Assessment of Carbendazim Residues and Safety in Celery Under Different Cultivation Conditions

Abstract

Although the carbendazim is widely used to manage spot blight in celery cultivation, information on residues identified is of interest. In this study, we examined the dissipation and residual amounts of carbendazim in celery and soil under different cultivation methods when using the suggested dose and ten times of that and the bioconcentration factor of carbendazim for celery. The results showed that when celery leaves were sprayed with the suggested dose, the half-lives in a celery field and greenhouse were 2.75 days and 3.29 days, respectively. When the soil matrix was sprayed with the recommended dose before cultivation, the half-lives of carbendazim residues were 16.86 days and 11.97 days. We also conducted a long-term dietary risk assessment using the corresponding criteria. The results showed that, in China, the use of carbendazim at a dose of 0.022 g/m2 is safer and more reasonable when the harvest interval is 28 days.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

References

  1. Chan Q, Stamler J, Brown IJ, Daviglus ML, Van Horn L et al (2014) Relation of raw and cooked vegetable consumption to blood pressure: the INTERMAP Study. J Hum Hypertens 28:353–359

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Devi PA, Paramasivam M, Prakasam V (2015) Degradation pattern and risk assessment of carbendazim and mancozeb in mango fruits. Environ Monit Assess 187:4142

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Diao J, Xu P, Wang P, Lu Y, Lu D et al (2010) Environmental behavior of the chiral aryloxyphenoxypropionate herbicide diclofop-methyl and diclofop: enantiomerization and enantioselective degradation in soil. Environ Sci Technol 44:2042–2047

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Ji RD, Chen ML, Zhao ZM, Zhu XY, Wang LX et al (2014) Study on experiment of absorption spectroscopy detection of pesticide residues of carbendazim in orange juice. Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi 34:721–724

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Lans CA (2006) Ethnomedicines used in Trinidad and Tobago for urinary problems and diabetes mellitus. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2:45

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Li H, Fang L, Dong Z, Guan S et al (2016) Residues and dissipation kinetics of carbendazim and diethofencarb in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) and intake risk assessment. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 77:200–205

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Moghadam MH, Imenshahidi M, Mohajeri SA (2013) Antihypertensive effect of celery seed on rat blood pressure in chronic administration. J Med Food 16:558–563

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Mohapatra S, Lakha S (2016) Residue level and dissipation of carbendazim in/on pomegranate fruits and soil. Environ Monit Assess 188:406

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Pisani C, Voisin S, Arafah K, Durand P, Perrard MH et al (2016) Ex vivo assessment of testicular toxicity induced by carbendazim and iprodione, alone or in a mixture. Altex 33:393–413

    Google Scholar 

  10. Pourreza N, Rastegarzadeh S, Larki A (2015) Determination of fungicide carbendazim in water and soil samples using dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction and microvolume UV-vis spectrophotometry. Talanta 134:24–29

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Salunkhe VP, Sawant IS, Banerjee K, Wadkar PN, Sawant SD et al (2014) Kinetics of degradation of carbendazim by B. subtilis strains: possibility of in situ detoxification. Environ Monit Assess 186:8599–8610

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Sowbhagya HB (2014) Chemistry, technology, and nutraceutical functions of celery (Apium graveolens L.): an overview. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 54:389–398

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Tang GY, Meng X, Li Y, Zhao CN, Liu Q et al (2017) Effects of vegetables on cardiovascular diseases and related mechanisms. Nutrients 9:857

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Xiao WD, Yang XE, Li TQ (2012) Degradation of carbendazim in paddy soil and the influencing factors. Huan Jing Ke Xue 33:3983–3989

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  15. Zheng X, Ding L, Chen Z, Guo J, Zhang R et al (2015) Rapid determination of thiabendazole and carbendazim in concentrated fruit juices by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Se Pu 33:652–656

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  16. Zhou L, Jiang Y, Lin Q, Wang X, Zhang X et al (2018) Residue transfer and risk assessment of carbendazim in tea. J Sci Food Agric 98:5329–5334

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

Many thanks to the following funds for their support of this research: The National Key Research and Development Program of China (2016YFD0201206); The National Key Research and Development Program Sub-project of China (2016YFD0200204-4); Public Service Sectors (Agriculture) Research Projects (No. 201503107–12)

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Changpeng Zhang.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Electronic supplementary material

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Supplementary file1 (DOCX 51 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Chen, L., Wu, C., Xu, M. et al. Assessment of Carbendazim Residues and Safety in Celery Under Different Cultivation Conditions. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 107, 276–280 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-020-02785-1

Download citation

Keywords

  • Carbendazim
  • Celery
  • Pesticide residue
  • Safety