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Influence of Rapeseed Cake on Iron Plaque Formation and Cd Uptake by Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Seedlings Exposed to Excess Cd

Abstract

A soil spiking experiment at two Cd levels (0.72 and 5.20 mg kg−1) was conducted to investigate the effects of rapeseed cake (RSC) at application rates of 0%, 0.75%, 1.5%, and 3.0% (w/w) on iron plaque formation and Cd uptake by rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings. The use of RSC did result in a sharp decrease in soil bioavailability of Cd and a significant increase in rice growth, soil pH and organic matter. Application of RSC increased the amount of iron plaque formation and this effectively inhibited the uptake and translocation of Cd into the rice seedlings. RSC was an effective organic additive for increasing rice growth and reducing Cd uptake by rice plant, simultaneously. These results could be used as a reference for the safety use of Cd polluted paddy soil.

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Acknowledgements

This project was financially supported by the Hunan Provincial Department of Agriculture (Hunan Agricultural Union 2015112) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41501344).

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Correspondence to Qing-ru Zeng or Bo-Han Liao.

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Yang, WT., Zhou, H., Gu, JF. et al. Influence of Rapeseed Cake on Iron Plaque Formation and Cd Uptake by Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Seedlings Exposed to Excess Cd. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 99, 601–606 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-017-2151-1

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Keywords

  • Rice (Oryza sativa L.)
  • Iron plaque
  • Cadmium
  • Rapeseed cake