Explosives industries are a source of toxic discharge. The aim of this study was to compare organisms sensitivity (Daphnia similis, Danio rerio, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas putida) in detecting acute toxicity in wastewater from two explosives, 2,4,6-TNT (TNT) and nitrocellulose. The samples were collected from an explosives company in the Paraiba Valley, São Paulo, Brazil. The effluents from TNT and nitrocellulose production were very toxic for tested organisms. Statistical tests indicated that D. similis and D. rerio were the most sensitive organisms for toxicity detection in effluents from 2,4,6-TNT and nitrocellulose production. The P. putida bacteria was the organism considered the least sensitive in indicating toxicity in effluents from nitrocellulose.
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The authors thank CNPq (National Council of Scientific and Technological Development), ANA (Brazilian Agency of Water—for financial support) and Mrs. Lúcia A. B. A. Castro for technical support.
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Ribeiro, E.N., da Silva, F.T. & de Paiva, T.C.B. Evaluation of the Sensitivity of Freshwater Organisms Used in Toxicity Tests of Wastewater from Explosives Company. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 89, 915–920 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-012-0772-y
- Freshwater organisms