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Phytoremediation of Cadmium-Contaminated Farmland Soil by the Hyperaccumulator Beta vulgaris L. var. cicla

Abstract

A field study was conducted to evaluate the phytoremediation efficiency of cadmium(Cd) contaminated soil utilizing the Cd hyperaccumulator Beta vulgaris L. var. cicla during one growing season (about 2 months) on farmland in Zhangshi Irrigation Area, the representative wastewater irrigation area in China. Results showed that B. vulgaris L. var. cicla is a promising plant in the phytoremediation of Cd contaminated farmland soil. The maximum of Cd phytoremediation efficiency by B. vulgaris L. var. cicla reached 144.6 mg/ha during one growing season. Planting density had a significant effect on the plant biomass and the overall Cd phytoremediation efficiency (p < 0.05). The amendment of organic manure promoted the biomass increase of B. vulgaris L. var. cicla (p < 0.05) but inhibited the Cd phytoremediation efficiency.

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Acknowledgments

This research was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41101289, 40930739, 20807029), Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology (2011BAJ06B02), and Liaoning BaiQianWan Talents Program (2010921004).

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Correspondence to Xiaojun Hu.

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Song, X., Hu, X., Ji, P. et al. Phytoremediation of Cadmium-Contaminated Farmland Soil by the Hyperaccumulator Beta vulgaris L. var. cicla . Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 88, 623–626 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-012-0524-z

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Keywords

  • Phytoremediation
  • Farmland soil
  • Cadmium
  • Beta vulgaris L. var. cicla