, Volume 60, Issue 7, pp 1359–1360 | Cite as

Studies into severe famine in early life and diabetes in adulthood: the need to control for differences in participant age and location



Chinese famine Fetal origins Prenatal exposure long-term effects 



No specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors was received for this letter.

Contribution statement

Both authors contributed to the statistical analysis and drafting of the letter, and were responsible for revising the letter critically for important intellectual content, and approved the version to be published.

Duality of interest

The authors declare that there is no duality of interest associated with this manuscript.


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    Wang N, Cheng J, Han B et al (2017) Exposure to severe famine in the prenatal or postnatal period and the development of diabetes in adulthood: an observational study. Diabetologia 60:262–269CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Li C, Lumey LH (2017) Exposure to the Chinese famine of 1959-61 in early life and long-term health conditions: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Epidemiol. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyx013 Google Scholar
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    Lumey LH, Stein A, Kahn H (2009) Food restriction during gestation and impaired fasting glucose or glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes mellitus in adulthood: evidence from the Dutch Hunger Winter Families Study. J Dev Orig Health Dis 1(Suppl 1):S164 AbstractGoogle Scholar
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    Lumey LH, Khalangot MD, Vaiserman AM (2015) Association between type 2 diabetes and prenatal exposure to the Ukraine famine of 1932–33: a retrospective cohort study. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol 3:787–794CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public HealthColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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