Skip to main content

Educational and sport factors as predictors of harmful alcohol drinking in adolescence: a prospective study in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Abstract

Objectives

The cause–effect relationship between educational and sport factors, and alcohol drinking in adolescents is rarely prospectively investigated. This study aimed to establish the possible influence of sport, scholastic and socio-demographic factors on harmful alcohol drinking (HD) and the initiation of HD in adolescents from Bosnia–Herzegovina.

Methods

Study included 881 adolescents (49% females) and consisted of (1) baseline tests (16 years of age) and (2) follow-up testing (18 years of age). The independent variables were scholastic and sport-related factors. Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test was used, with the following dependent variables: (1) HD at baseline, (2) HD at follow-up, and (3) HD initiation. Logistic regressions were applied to define the relationships.

Results

Higher likelihood of HD was evidenced in children who performed poorly in school. Sport factors were positively correlated with HD at study baseline. Higher odds for HD initiation were found for adolescents who reported a lower GPA, a lower behavioral grade, more frequent school absences, and more unexcused school absences.

Conclusions

The results showed scholastic failure as the predictor of HD initiation. The potential influence of sport factors on HD initiation should be studied at an earlier age.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1

References

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Damir Sekulic.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

The study has been approved by the Ethics Board of the University of Mostar, School of Medicine Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina. All data are anonymized to prevent any potential identification of individual respondents.

Additional information

This article is part of the special issue “Adolescent transitions”.

Electronic supplementary material

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Supplementary material 1 (PDF 600 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Zenic, N., Terzic, A., Ostojic, L. et al. Educational and sport factors as predictors of harmful alcohol drinking in adolescence: a prospective study in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Int J Public Health 64, 185–194 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-018-1168-5

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-018-1168-5

Keywords

  • Substances
  • Predictors
  • Puberty
  • Transition