The Analysis of Verbal Behavior

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 3–11 | Cite as

Jack Michael’s Motivation

Special Section on Motivating Operations and Verbal Behavior

Abstract

Among many of Jack Michael’s contributions to the field of behavior analysis is his behavioral account of motivation. This paper focuses on the concept of motivating operation (MO) by outlining its development from Skinner’s (1938) notion of drive. Conceptually, Michael’s term helped us change our focus on how to study motivation by shifting its origins from the organism to the environment. Michael’s account also served to stimulate applied research and to better understand behavioral function in clinical practice.

Key words

drive establishing operations Jack Michael motivation motivating operations 

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Copyright information

© Association of Behavior Analysis International 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyCalifornia State University-SacramentoSacramentoUSA

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