Journal of Plant Biology

, 46:215 | Cite as

Cytosolic Ca2+ pulses and protein kinase activation in the signal transduction pathways leading to the plant oxidative burst

  • Stephen G. Cessna
  • Jitae Kim
  • Ann T. S. Taylor


The oxidative burst, the rapid production of O2- and H2O2 by plant cells in response to pathogens and Stressors, is a critical step in plant disease resistance and is controlled by several different elicitor-initiated signaling pathways. While different defense elicitors appear to activate disparate initial steps in signaling the oxidative burst, all of the elicitors tested thus far appear to stimulate pathways that converge on the same three core signaling intermediates: 1) the Ca2+-independent activation of a mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family member, 2) the influx of Ca2+ into the cytosol, deriving most critically from an internal compartment, and 3) the Ca2+-dependent activation of additional protein kinases including a second MAPK homologue and possibly calcium dependent protein kinases (CDPKs). Data from several recent reports are summarized to place these signaling events into a complete and updated model of signaling to the plant oxidative burst.


calcium kinase oxidative burst phosphorylation 



Calcium Dependent Protein Kinase


Glycine max Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase 1


Glycine max Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase 2


Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase


Salicylic Acid-Induced Protein Kinase


Wounding-lnduced Protein Kinase

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Copyright information

© The Botanical Society of Korea 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen G. Cessna
    • 1
  • Jitae Kim
    • 2
  • Ann T. S. Taylor
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Biology and ChemistryEastern Mennonite UniversityHarrisonburgUSA
  2. 2.Chemistry DepartmentPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA
  3. 3.Chemistry DepartmentWabash CollegeCrawfordsvilleUSA

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