Economic Botany

, Volume 35, Issue 2, pp 233–239 | Cite as

DomesticatedChenopodium of the Ozark Bluff Dwellers

  • Hugh D. Wilson


Previous suggestions that prehistoric agriculturalists of the Ozark Bluff Dweller culture utilized a fully domesticated form ofChenopodium have been confirmed. Comparative examination of infructescence and fruit structure indicates that archaeological material is assignable toC. berlandieri ssp.nuttalliae, a product of Mexican agriculture. Large-fruited chenopod remains from other sites in eastern North America, often identified as those of wild species, may also belong to the Mexican domesticated form. A related, wild species of northeastern North America,C. bushianum, shows similarities to the Mexican weed-crop complex that may reflect prehistoric genetic interaction. This is the first documented report of domesticatedChenopodium from prehistoric North America.


North America Seed Coat Wild Species Economic Botany Fruit Size 
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Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hugh D. Wilson
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of BiologyTexas A&M UniversityCollege Station

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