A diagnostic study of turbulence features in wind tunnel flow over simple topographic shapes
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The turbulence features observed in wind tunnel experiments of flow over isolated simple-shaped two-dimensional hills and valleys are analysed in the light of transport equations of Reynolds stresses in the streamline coordinate system. The analysis has shown that near the surface the streamwise pressure gradient is the driving parameter for all the stresses. At higher levels, the effects of streamline curvature and streamwise pressure gradient act differently on the source terms of stresses, showing that the shear stress is the most sensitive to streamline curvature, whereas the streamwise stress is the most sensitive to streamwise pressure gradient. Although two of the considered topographies are specular images, the turbulence response is not so, since it depends on the sequence of curvatures to which it is subjected. The information and analysis presented will constitute a valuable resource to those seeking an understanding of atmospheric boundary layer development over complex terrain. It will also provide a support for the development and validation of more rigorous turbulence models.
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