Medical and biological engineering

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 49–56 | Cite as

Optimum electrolytic chloriding of silver electrodes

  • L. A. Geddes
  • L. E. Baker
  • A. G. Moore


The low frequency impedance of bare silver electrodes in contact with physiological saline was found to exhibit capacitive reactance and by the deposition of chloride the impedance became resistive in nature. It was found that a chloride deposit of 100–500 mA.sec/cm2 of electrode area provided the lowest electrode-electrolyte impedance. Prolongation of chloriding beyond this range increased the electrode-electrolyte impedance at all frequencies but did not alter the resistive nature of the impedance. To achieve a chloride deposit which is proportional to the product of mA and sec it was found that a minimum chloriding current density of 5 mA/cm2 of electrode area should be used.


Silver Electrode Electrode Area Capacitive Reactance Chloride Deposit Lithium Chloride Solution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


L'impédance à basse fréquence d'une électrode d'argent pur, plongée dans du sérum physiologique, présente une réactance capacitive, alors qu'elle devient résistive après dépôt de chlorure. Il a été montré qu'un dépôt de chlorure de 100 à 500 mA. sec/cm2 présente l'impédance électrode-électrolyte la plus faible. Au-delà de cette valeur, l'impédance croît à toutes les fréquences, mais sa partie résistive reste inchangée. Pour obtenir un dépôt de chlorure proportionnel au courant produit et au temps écoulé, on a montré que la densité du courant minimum doit être de l'ordre de 5 mA/cm2 d'électrode.


Die Niederfrequenzimpedanz reiner Silberelektroden im Kontakt mit physiologischer Kochsalzlösung zeigte kapazitiven Widerstand. Nach Chloridablagerung wurde die Impedanz resistiv. Die Messungen ergaben bei einer Chloridschicht von 100–500 mA.sec/cm2 Elektrodenfläche die niedrigste Elektroden-Elektrolyt-Impedanz. Eine Verlängerung der Chloridierung über diesen Bereich erhöhte die Elektroden-Elektrolyt-Impedanz bei allen Frequenzen, änderte jedoch nicht die resistive Natur der Impedanz. Um eine Chloridschicht zu erhalten, welche dem Produkt von Milliampere und Sekunden proportional ist, muß nach unseren Messungen eine minimale Chloridierungsstromstärke von 5 mA/cm2 Elektrodenfläche eingesetzt werden.


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Copyright information

© International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. A. Geddes
    • 1
  • L. E. Baker
    • 1
  • A. G. Moore
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyBaylor University College of MedicineHoustonUSA

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