Evaluation of a new calcium containing cardioplegic solution in the isolated rabbit heart in comparison to a calcium-free, low sodium solution
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Isolated perfused rabbit hearts were studied to compare the effects of 3 hour ischemic arrest following either calcium-free or calcium-containing cardioplegia, on the recovery of isovolumic function of the left ventricle, coronary flow, release of creatine phosphokinase and myocardial water content. The hearts perfused with the calcium-containing solution (Ca 0.5 mmol/L) showed better recovery of the developed pressure in the left ventricle, and its first derivative and compliance. Coronary flow at a constant perfusion pressure was better restored during reperfusion in the hearts with calcium-containing solution. The release of less CPK and a lower water content were also observed in the hearts reperfused with calcium-containing solution. We concluded that calcium-containing cardioplegic solution with a high concentration of magnesium (10 mmol/L) was superior to calcium-free solution for myocardial protection.
Key Wordscalcium magnesium cardioplegic solution
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