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Pulmonary consequences of aspiration


Aspiration can lead to serious pulmonary disease and occasionally death. Substances aspirated commonly include bacteria or gastric contents or both, but may be as unusual as diesel oil or a variety of foreign bodies. Pulmonary symptoms range from a subtle cough, wheezing, or hoarseness to severe dyspnea or asphyxiation. We discuss the mechanism of pulmonary disease caused by aspiration as well as the appropriate treatment.

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Terry, P.B., Fuller, S.D. Pulmonary consequences of aspiration. Dysphagia 3, 179–183 (1989).

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Key words

  • Aspiration
  • Pneumonia
  • Bacteria
  • Reflux