A new source of X-ray line broadening: inhomogeneous strains induced by uniform homogeneous temperature conditions in polyphase or non-cubic materials
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Thermal strains may contribute to X-ray diffraction line broadening in both single-phase non-cubic and in polyphase cubic polycrystalline materials even under uniform temperature conditions. A method is developed for calculating the magnitude of these thermally induced strains directly from the measured diffraction peak profiles. Corrections for particle-size effects can be made readily if particle-size broadening is significant, and the thermal diffuse scattering (TDS) contribution to the diffracted intensity can be taken into account experimentally. By this method, the strains in a Mg-5 wt% Si alloy were found to be increased by as much as 35% by a 190° C temperature change. Even in the case of this relatively low melting point alloy, the TDS effect causes only a maximum of 15% error in these measured strain effects. The interpretation of these isothermally induced strains in terms of crystal anisotropy, grain morphology and orientation and the relative sizes of phases and grains is discussed.
KeywordsHomogeneous Temperature Polycrystalline Material Thermal Strain Diffract Intensity Strain Effect
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