Chromatographia

, Volume 43, Issue 9–10, pp 477–483 | Cite as

Open tubular liquid chromatography using a sol-gel derived stationary phase

  • Y. Guo
  • L. A. Colón
Originals

Summary

An organically modified silica glass material containing octyl groups (C8) was fabricated by the sol-gel process and coated onto the inner walls of fused silica capillaries. The coating was used as the stationary phase for reversed-phase open tubular liquid chromatography (OTLC). The sol-gel process facilitated the fabrication of a porous silica glass layer with the stationary phase in one single step. The high surface area of the coating, characteristic of materials fabricated by the sol-gel process, resulted in capillary columns with a stronger retention than those prepared by a conventional procedure. The molar ratio of the precursors was used as a tunable parameter to adjust the retention and selectivity of the stationary phase. The column performance was evaluated using anthracene derivatives as model analytes which were monitored by laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) detection. Separation efficiencies of 200,000 theoretical plates/meter were typical for the model compounds. Solute selectivity of the sol-gel derived stationary phase was found to be similar to the selectivity of HPLC monomeric-type phases.

Key Words

Column liquid chromatography Open tubular columns Sol-gel coatings Laser-induced fluorescence detection 

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Copyright information

© Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlagsgesellschaft mbH 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Guo
    • 1
  • L. A. Colón
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryState University of New York at Buffalo, Natural Science and Mathematics ComplexBuffaloUSA

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