Plant and Soil

, Volume 117, Issue 2, pp 243–253 | Cite as

The influence of soil moisture and flooding on formation of VA-endo- and ectomycorrhizae in Populus and Salix

  • D. J. Lodge


Native mixtures of extomycorrhizal fungi were found to infect Populus and Salix roots primarily in very moist but well drained soils in both the field and in controlled experiments (0 to −0.2 MPa), whereas native mixtures of VA-endomycorrhizal fungi infected roots over a much wider range of soil moisture (flooded to −3.4 MPa). Although a moisture gradient experiment showed endomycorrhizal formation was greater in moist soil than in very dry or flooded soils, this pattern was reversed in field transects along drainage gradients. Infection by VA-endomycorrhizal fungi in the field was the lowest where infection by ectomycorrhizal fungi was high, which suggests possible antagonism among the fungal symbionts. The narrow moisture range for ectomycorrhizal formation, and antagonism among endo- and ectomycorrhizal fungi, apparently combine to produce the mycorrhizal distributions found in nature.

Key words

ectomycorrhizal fungi flooding Populus deltoides Salix nigra soil moisture VA-endomycorrhizal fungi 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. J. Lodge
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Energy and Environment ResearchSan JuanUSA

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