Cluster algorithms for anisotropic quantum spin models
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We present cluster Monte Carlo algorithms for theXYZ quantum spin models. In the special case ofS=1/2, the new algorithm can be viewed as a cluster algorithm for the 8-vertex model. As an example, we study theS=1/2XY model in two dimensions with a representation in which the quantization axis lies in the easy plane. We find that the numerical autocorrelation time for the cluster algorithm remains of the order of unity and does not show any significant dependence on the temperature, the system size, or the Trotter number. On the other hand, the autocorrelation time for the conventional algorithm strongly depends on these parameters and can be very large. The use of improved estimators for thermodynamic averages further enhances the efficiency of the new algorithms.
Key WordsQuantum Monte Carlo cluster algorithm XYZ model Heisenberg model XY model
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