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Hyphomicrobia and the oxidation of manganesse in aquatic ecosystems

Abstract

Biogenic manganese deposits from freshwater pipelines in many parts of the world have been examined chemically and microbiologically. For chemical analysis to indicate the nature of the deposit the sampling procedure must ensure that the biogenic deposit is not contaminated by abiogenic material.

Hyphomicrobium is abundant in manganese deposits from world-wide location but it is not the only manganese-oxidizing bacterium. The difficulties of assessing the relative importance of hyphomicrobia and other manganese bacteria, and of formulating satisfactory culture media, are discussed.

Examination of accredited deposits and laboratory cultures suggests that some hyphomicrobia preferentially oxidize manganese rather than iron.

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I gratefully acknowledge all those persons and institutions who supplied samples of manganese deposits, and in particular The Hydro-Electric Commission, Tasmania; The Snowy Mountains Authority; Northern Electricity Authority of Queensland; Miss I. J. Powling, State Rivers and Water Supply Commission, Victoria; Melbourne and Metropolitan Board of Works; Mr. G. E. Hollis, New Zealand Electricity Department; Mr. J. Henderson, North-West Gloucestershire Water Boards, and Mrs. K. Ormerod, Norsk Institut for Vannforskning. I thank Mrs. P. M. Scarborough, Mr. R. Buckney for technical assistance, and the Australian Research Grants Committee for a grant.

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Tyler, P.A. Hyphomicrobia and the oxidation of manganesse in aquatic ecosystems. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 36, 567–578 (1970). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02069059

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Keywords

  • Iron
  • Chemical Analysis
  • Manganese
  • Aquatic Ecosystem
  • Sampling Procedure