Vegetarianism, morality, and science revisited

  • Evelyn Pluhar


Professor Kathryn George's “Use and Abuse Revisited” does not contain an accurate assessment of my “On Vegetarianism, Morality, and Science: A Counter Reply.” I show that she has misrepresented my moral and empirical argumentation.


vegetarianism vegan diet unequal rights view nutrition 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abeloe, B. J. et al. 1992. Cross-cultural Association Between Dietary Animal Protein and Hip Fracture: A Hypothesis.Calcified Tissue International 50: 14–18.Google Scholar
  2. ADA Reports, 1988. Position of the American Dietetic Association: Vegetarian Diets.The Journal of the American Dietetic Association 88 (3): 351–355.Google Scholar
  3. American Academy of Pediatrics. 1992. The Use of Whole Cow's Milk in Infancy.Pediatrics 89 (6): 1105–1109.Google Scholar
  4. Cramer, D. W. et. al. 1989. Galactose Consumption and Metabolism in Relation to the Risk of Ovarian Cancer.Lancet 2: 66–71.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Dwyer, J. T. 1991. Nutritional Consequences of Vegetarianism.Annual Reviews in Nutrition 11: 61–91.Google Scholar
  6. George, Kathryn P. 1990. So Human and Animal..., or the Moral Relevance of Being an Omnivore.Journal of Agricultural Ethics 3 (2): 172–186.Google Scholar
  7. — 1992. The Use and Abuse of Scientific Studies.Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 5 (2): 217–233.Google Scholar
  8. — 1994a. Discrimination and Bias in the Vegan Ideal.Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 7: 19–28.Google Scholar
  9. — 1994b. Use and Abuse Revisited.Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 7: 41–76.Google Scholar
  10. Karjalainen, J. et al. 1992. A Bovine Albumin Peptide as a Possible Trigger of Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus.New England Journal of Medicine 327 (5): 302–307.Google Scholar
  11. Levy, E. M. et al. 1985. Patients with Kaposi Sarcoma Who Opt for No Treatment.Lancet: July 27: 223.Google Scholar
  12. Malter, M. et al. 1989. Natural Killer Cells, Vitamins, and Other Blood Components of Vegetarian and Omnivorous Men.Nutrition and Cancer 12 (3): 271–278.Google Scholar
  13. Pluhar, Evelyn B. 1988. When is it Morally Acceptable to Kill Animals?Journal of Agricultural Ethics 1 (3): 211–224.Google Scholar
  14. — 1992. Who Can be Morally Obligated to be a Vegetarian?Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 5 (2): 189–215.Google Scholar
  15. — 1993. On Vegetarianism, Morality, and Science: A Counter-Reply.Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 6 (2): 185–213.Google Scholar
  16. Simoons, F. J. 1982. A Geographic Approach to Senile Cataracts: Possible Links with Milk Consumption, Lactase Activity, and Galactose Metabolism.Digestive Diseases and Sciences 27 (3): 257–264.Google Scholar
  17. Varner, Gary. In Defense of the Vegan Ideal: Rhetoric and Bias in the Nutrition Literature.Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 7: 29–40.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Evelyn Pluhar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyThe Pennsylvania State University Fayatte CampusUniontown

Personalised recommendations