Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 16, Issue 5, pp 719–731 | Cite as

The electrochemical behaviour of silver sulphide in sulphuric acid solutions

  • D. W. Price
  • G. W. Warren
  • B. Drouven
Papers

Abstract

The electrochemical behaviour of synthetic silver sulphide (acanthite) electrodes in sulphuric acid solutions has been investigated using several techniques including cyclic voltammetry, anodic polarization and constant potential experiments. Under anodic polarization the dissolution has been attributed to the reaction Ag2S=2Ag++S+2e which occurs in two sequential, single electron transfer steps. A kinetic model for this stepwise anodic dissolution process at lower overpotential, where the current is a function of potential, is provided. At high dissolution rates (i.e. high currents) the slightly soluble silver sulphate salt is formed on the surface due to the saturation of the electrolyte near the Ag2S interface. This observation is supported by the influence of electrolyte composition on the cyclic voltammetry and the polarization curve. A paralinear film growth model has been found to describe the formation and growth of the silver sulphate product layer indicating an initial region of parabolic kinetics which gradually changes to linear kinetics as the rate of film dissolution approaches that of film formation.

Keywords

Cyclic Voltammetry Anodic Polarization Ag2S Single Electron Transfer Sulphuric Acid Solution 

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Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd. 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. W. Price
    • 1
  • G. W. Warren
    • 1
  • B. Drouven
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Metallurgical Engineering and Materials ScienceCarnegie-Mellon UniversityPittsburghUSA

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