Polymer Mechanics

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 151–154 | Cite as

Generalized concentration dependence of the viscosity of concentrated polymer solutions

  • V. P. Budtov
Brief Communications


The construction of a generalized concentration dependence of the viscosity η of concentrated solutions is analyzed. It is shown that there should be a single dependence for different polymers in different solvents of the form: (η/ηo)1−2k=1+(1−2k)c[η], where k is the Huggins-Martin constant, and [η] is the intrinsic viscosity. Deviations from this relation may be observed in the presence of structure formation in the solution or when the experimental temperature is close to the glass-transition temperature of the system.


Polymer Viscosity Structure Formation Polymer Solution Concentration Dependence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature cited

  1. 1.
    J. D. Ferry, Viscoelastic Properties of Polymers, Wiley, New York (1961).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. Middleman, Flow of High Polymers, Wiley, New York (1968).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. Simha and L. Uttracki, "Corresponding state relation for the Newtonian viscosity of a polymer solution," J. Polym. Sci.,A2, No. 5, 853–874 (1967).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. Onogi, T. Masuda, N. Miyanaga, and Y. Kimura, "Dependence of viscosity of concentrated polymer solution on molecular weight and concentration," J. Polym. Sci.,A2, No. 5, 899–913 (1967).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    S. Onogi, S. Kimura, T. Kato, T. Masuda, and N. Miyanaga, "Effect of molecular weight and concentration on flow properties of concentrated polymer solutions," J. Polym. Sci.C15, 381–406 (1966).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    V. E. Dreval', G. O. Botvinnik, A. Ya. Malkin, and A. A. Tager, "Newtonian viscosity of polymer solutions over a wide range of compositions as a function of certain determining parameters," Mekh. Polim., No. 6, 1110–1117 (1972).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    V. P. Budtov, "Theory of viscosity of concentrated solutions of flexible polymer chains," Vysokomolek. Soed., Ser. A,12, 1355–1362 (1970).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    V. P. Budtov, "Investigation of the concentration dependence of the viscosity of dilute polymer solutions," Vysokomolek. Soed., Ser. A,9, 758–764 (1967).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. Keley and F. Bueche, "Viscosity and glass temperature relation for polymer-diluent systems," J. Polym. Sci.,50, 549–556 (1961).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    H. Fujita, A. Kishimoto, and K. Matsumoto, "Concentration and temperature dependence of diffusion for systems PMA and n-alkylacetates," Trans. Faraday Soc.,56, 424–439 (1960).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    V. P. Budtov and A. M. Lobanov, "Analysis of the concentration dependence of dipole-segmental and diffusion processes and the viscous flow of polymer solutions," Vysokomolek. Soed., Ser. A,16, 622–626 (1974).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    R. M. Vasenin and A. E. Chalykh, "Diffusion and viscosity in polymer-solvent systems," Vysokomolek. Soed.,8, 2091–2097 (1966).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    O. R. Bezrukov, V. P. Budtov, V. P. Nikolaev, and V. P. Fokanov, "Investigation of solvent self-diffusion processes in polymers," Vysokomolek. Soed., Ser. A,13, 876–883 (1971).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    I. Schurz and K. Muller, "Rheologische Untersuchungen an Polyvinylacetat. — Lösungen," Makr. Chem.,121, 58–69 (1969).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    A. A. Tager, V. E. Dreval', and R. A. Khasina, "Investigation of the viscosity of solutions of polyisobutylene in various solvents," Vysokomolek. Soed.,5, 432–439 (1963).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    T. Kataoka and S. Ueda, "Viscosity of polydimethylsiloxanpentamer systems," J. Polym. Sci., A2,5, 973–986 (1967).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    N. Nikhimura, "Viscosity of concentrated solutions," J. Polym. Sci.,A3, 237–245 (1965).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    R. Landel, J. Berge, and J. Ferry, "Viscosity of concentrated polymer solutions," J. Coll. Sci.,12, 400–407 (1957).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Y. Oyanagie and M. Matsumoto, "Viscosity of moderately concentrated aqueous solution of polyvinyl alcohol," J. Coll. Sci.,17, 462–469 (1962).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. P. Budtov

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations