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Enhanced Directional Adhesion Behavior of Mushroom-Shaped Microline Arrays

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We report directional switchable adhesion behavior inspired by the locomotion mechanism of gecko lizard. The robust mushroom-like polydimethylsiloxane microline arrays are fabricated by using silicon based over-etching process and replica molding. The line gecko patterns attached to the glass substrate exhibit strong shear adhesion forces in parallel and perpendicular directions with respect to the line direction and high adhesion hysteresis property only in the parallel direction. We have explained the directional adhesion behavior of the line gecko pattern by comparing peeling propagation and normal adhesion phenomenon. Then, we have successfully demonstrated silicon wafer transportation with the line gecko pattern by using directional adhesion behavior of the pattern, which is high shear adhesion force and low peeling force in the parallel direction with respect to the line direction.

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Microelectromechanical systems


Silicon on insulator




Scanning electron microscopy


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This work was supported by Incheon National University Research Grant in 2016 (20162043). This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (no. 2017R1C1B1005834).

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Correspondence to Sang Moon Kim or Seong Min Kang.

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Kim, J.H., Jeong, H.E., Kim, S.M. et al. Enhanced Directional Adhesion Behavior of Mushroom-Shaped Microline Arrays. Int. J. of Precis. Eng. and Manuf.-Green Tech. 7, 239–245 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40684-019-00112-6

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  • Biomimetics
  • Mushroom-shaped microline
  • Directional adhesion behavior
  • Micro/nano processing