Large-eddy simulation of low-swirl multi-nozzle combustion with co- and counter-swirling arrays
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Large-eddy simulation (LES) of CH4-air low-swirl flame was carried out in a multi-nozzle combustor with two burner configurations by using a premixed flamelet model. The multi-nozzle burner includes a co-swirling array where all five nozzles act in the same direction and a counter-swirling array where the center nozzle is in the opposite swirling direction to the outer nozzles. LES results are in good agreement with OH-planar laser-induced florescence data in terms of OH concentrations and combustion progress variables. Numerical results show that the flow of each nozzle is constant before merging. The neighboring flows interact with each other and generate a highvelocity zone with intensive turbulence. The kinetic energy in the interacting region for the co-swirling array is larger than that for the counter-swirling array. After neighboring flow combining, the flow develops into a unified swirling motion similar to a single swirling flow for the co-swirling array, whereas the flow maintains the individual swirling structures for the counter-swirling arrangement. However, the swirling array exerts minimal effect on multi-nozzle combustion in terms of the temperature distributions and combustion progress of premixed low-swirl multi-nozzle flames.
KeywordsFlow interaction Large-eddy simulation Low-swirl flame Multi-nozzle burner Premixed flamelet model Reaction progress variable
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