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Obesity Surgery

, Volume 28, Issue 6, pp 1473–1483 | Cite as

Evaluation of Nutritional Status Post Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy—5-Year Outcomes

  • Aliaa Al-Mutawa
  • Salman Al-Sabah
  • Alfred Kojo Anderson
  • Mohammad Al-Mutawa
Original Contributions

Abstract

Introduction

Obesity is considered a public health problem and has led to advancements in bariatric surgery. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) had become the most performed procedure worldwide; however, its consequences on nutritional status in the short and long term are of concern.

Methods

A retrospective analysis of medical records and bariatric database of patients who underwent LSG from October 2008–September 2015 at Al-Amiri Hospital, Kuwait, was performed. Data regarding nutritional status along with demographic data were collected over a 5-year follow-up period.

Results

One thousand seven hundred ninety-three patients comprising of 74% females and 26% males were included. The greatest % total body weight loss (%TBWL) was at 18 months post-LSG (33%), corresponding to a % excess weight loss (%EWL) of 73.8%. With regard to nutritional status, vitamin B1 showed a significant drop at 3–5 years post-op in comparison to pre-op value, but stayed within the normal range throughout the study. Red blood cells count, hemoglobin, and hematocrit also showed a significant drop starting from 6 months post-op until the fifth year of follow-up. On the other hand, vitamins B6 and B12 showed a significant increase at 6 months post-op and decreased afterwards, but did not reach pre-op values. Vitamin D also showed a significant increase throughout the study period from deficient value at the pre-op time, but remained insufficient. Albumin, transferrin, folate, ferritin, iron, and vitamin B2 showed no significant changes at 5 years post-LSG compared to pre-op values.

Conclusion

Little is known about the nutritional status and optimal nutritional care plan post-LSG, especially in the longer term. Nutritional deficiencies were prevalent prior and post-LSG. Some of the nutritional parameters improved and even reached the abnormal high level post-LSG. These observations highlight the importance of pre- and post-operative nutritional assessment and tailored supplementation to ensure optimal nutritional status.

Keywords

Nutritional status Sleeve gastrectomy Bariatric surgery 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, HospitalKuwait UniversityKuwait CityKuwait
  2. 2.Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Life SciencesKuwait UniversityKuwait CityKuwait
  3. 3.Department of Computer Science, College of Computing Sciences and EngineeringKuwait UniversityKuwait CityKuwait

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