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Obesity Surgery

, Volume 24, Issue 10, pp 1639–1646 | Cite as

Nutrient Deficiencies Before and After Sleeve Gastrectomy

  • P. W. J. van Rutte
  • E. O. Aarts
  • J. F. Smulders
  • S. W. Nienhuijs
Original Contributions

Abstract

Background

Obesity is associated with nutritional deficiencies. Bariatric surgery could worsen these deficiencies. Fewer nutritional deficiencies would be seen after sleeve gastrectomy compared to the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, but sleeve gastrectomy would also cause further deterioration of the deficiencies. The aim of this study was to determine the amount of pre-operative nutrient deficiencies in sleeve gastrectomy patients and assess the evolution of the nutritional status during the first post-operative year.

Methods

Four hundred seven sleeve gastrectomy patients were assigned to a standardized follow-up program. Data of interest were weight loss, pre-operative nutrient status and evolution of nutrient deficiencies during the first post-operative year. Deficiencies were supplemented when found.

Results

Two hundred patients completed blood withdrawal pre-operatively and in the first post-operative year. pre-operatively, 5 % of the patients were anemic, 7 % had low serum ferritin and 24 % had low folic acid. Hypovitaminosis D was present in 81 %. Vitamin A had excessive levels in 72 %. One year post-operatively, mean excess weight loss was 70 %. Anemia was found in 6 %. Low-ferritin levels were found in 8 % of the patients. Folate deficiency decreased significantly and hypovitaminosis D was still found in 36 %.

Conclusions

In this study, a considerable amount of patients suffered from a deficient micronutrient status pre-operatively. One year after surgery, micronutrient deficiencies persisted or were found de novo in a considerable amount of patients, despite significant weight loss and supplementation. Significant reductions were seen only for folate and vitamin D.

Keywords

Sleeve gastrectomy Vitamin D Bariatric surgery Micronutrient deficiency 

Notes

Conflicts of Interest

None.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. W. J. van Rutte
    • 1
  • E. O. Aarts
    • 2
  • J. F. Smulders
    • 1
  • S. W. Nienhuijs
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryCatharina HospitalEindhovenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryRijnstate HospitalArnhemThe Netherlands

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