The distribution variation in chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) content in mid-latitude subtropical drinking water source reservoirs (MDWSRs) has great significance in the security of aquatic environments and human health. CDOM distribution is heavily influenced by biogeochemical processes and anthropogenic activity. However, little is known regarding the impact of component variation and phytoplankton growth on CDOM distribution variation in MDWSR. Therefore, samples were collected from a representative MDWSR (the Shanzai Reservoir) for analysis. CDOM absorption and fluorescence coupling with parallel factor analysis were measured and calculated. The results indicated that only two CDOM components were found in the surface water of Shanzai Reservoir, fulvic acid, and high-excitation tryptophan, originating from terrestrial and autochthonous sources, respectively. The types of components did not change with the season. The average molecular weight of CDOM increased in proportion to its fulvic acid content. The distribution variation in CDOM content mainly resulted from the variation in two CDOM components in summer and from high-excitation tryptophan in winter. Phytoplankton growth strongly influenced the distribution variation of CDOM content in summer; the metabolic processes of Cyanobacteria and Bacillariophyta consumed fulvic acid, while that of Cryptophyta produced high-excitation tryptophan.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Akkanen J, Vogt RD, Kukkonen JVK (2004) Essential characteristics of natural dissolved organic matter affecting the sorption of hydrophobic organic contaminants. Aquat Sci 66:171–177
Aoki S, Ohara S, Kimura K, Mizuguchi H, Fuse Y, Yamada E (2008) Characterization of fluorophores released from three kinds of lake phytoplankton using gel chromatography and fluorescence spectrophotometry. Anal Sci 24:1461–1467
Baker A (2001) Fluorescence excitation-emission matrix characterization of some sewage-impacted rivers. Environ Sci Technol 35:948–953
Carder KL, Steward RG, Harvey GR, Ortner PB (1989) Marine humic and fulvic acids: their effects on remote sensing of ocean chlorophyll. Limnol Oceanogr 34:68–81
Chari NVHK, Keerthi S, Sarma NS, Pandi SR, Chiranjeevulu G, Kiran R, Koduru U (2013) Fluorescence and absorption characteristics of dissolved organic matter excreted by phytoplankton species of western Bay of Bengal under axenic laboratory condition. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 445:148–155
Coble PG (1996) Characterization of marine and terrestrial DOM in seawater using excitation-emission matrix spectroscopy. Mar Chem 51:325–346
Coble PG, Del Castillo CE, Avril B (1998) Distribution and optical properties of CDOM in the Arabian Sea during the 1995 southwest monsoon. Deep-Sea Res Pt II 45:2195–2223
Coble PG (2007) Marine optical biogeochemistry: the chemistry of ocean color. Chem Rev 107:402–418
Daggett CT, Saros JE, Lafrancois BM, Simon KS, Amirbahman A (2015) Effects of increased concentrations of inorganic nitrogen and dissolved organic matter on phytoplankton in boreal lakes with differing nutrient limitation patterns. Aquat Sci 77:511–521
Fellman JB, Hood E, D'Amore DV, Edwards RT, White D (2009) Seasonal changes in the chemical quality and biodegradability of dissolved organic matter exported from soils to streams in coastal temperate rainforest watersheds. Biogeochemistry 95:277–293
Fellman JB, Spencer RGM, Hernes PJ, Edwards RT, D'Amore DV, Hood E (2010) The impact of glacier runoff on the biodegradability and biochemical composition of terrigenous dissolved organic matter in near-shore marine ecosystems. Mar Chem 121:112–122
Fu PQ, Mostofa KMG, Wu FC, Liu CQ, Li W, Liao HQ, Wang LY, Wang J, Mei Y (2010) Excitation-emission matrix characterization of dissolved organic matter sources in two eutrophic lakes (southwestern China Plateau). Geochem J 44:99–112
Gao L, Fan D, Li D, Cai J (2010) Fluorescence characteristics of chromophoric dissolved organic matter in shallow water along the Zhejiang coasts, southeast China. Mar Environ Res 69:187–197
Guo W, Xu J, Wang J, Wen Y, Zhou J, Yan Y (2010) Characterization of dissolved organic matter in urban sewage using excitation emission matrix fluorescence spectroscopy and parallel factor analysis. J Environ Sci-China 22:1728–1734
Hu CM, Muller-Karger FE, Zepp RG (2002) Absorbance, absorption coefficient, and apparent quantum yield: a comment on common ambiguity in the use of these optical concepts. Limnol Oceanogr 47:1261–1267
Huguet A, Vacher L, Relexans S, Saubusse S, Froidefond JM, Parlanti E (2009) Properties of fluorescent dissolved organic matter in the Gironde estuary. Org Geochem 40:706–719
Hur J, Jung N-C, Shin J-K (2007) Spectroscopic distribution of dissolved organic matter in a dam reservoir impacted by turbid storm runoff. Environ Monit Assess 133:53–67
Kissman CEH, Williamson CE, Rose KC, Saros JE (2013) Response of phytoplankton in an alpine lake to inputs of dissolved organic matter through nutrient enrichment and trophic forcing. Limnol Oceanogr 58:867–880
Klug JL (2002) Positive and negative effects of allochthonous dissolved organic matter and inorganic nutrients on phytoplankton growth. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 59:85–95
Miller MP, McKnight DM, Chapra SC (2009) Production of microbially-derived fulvic acid from photolysis of quinone-containing extracellular products of phytoplankton. Aquat Sci 71:170–178
Morana C, Sarmento H, Descy J-P, Gasol JM, Borges AV, Bouillon S, Darchambeau F (2014) Production of dissolved organic matter by phytoplankton and its uptake by heterotrophic prokaryotes in large tropical lakes. Limnol Oceanogr 59:1364–1375
Ohno T (2002) Fluorescence inner-filtering correction for determining the humification index of dissolved organic matter. Environ Sci Technol 36:742–746
Para J, Coble PG, Charriere B, Tedetti M, Fontana C, Sempere R (2010) Fluorescence and absorption properties of chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) in coastal surface waters of the northwestern Mediterranean Sea, influence of the Rhone River. Biogeosciences 7:4083–4103
Stedmon CA, Markager S, Kaas H (2000) Optical properties and signatures of chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) in Danish coastal waters. Estuar Coast Shelf S 51:267–278
Stedmon CA, Markager S (2005a) Tracing the production and degradation of autochthonous fractions of dissolved organic matter using fluorescence analysis. Limnol Oceanogr 50:1415–1426
Stedmon CA, Markager S (2005b) Resolving the variability in dissolved organic matter fluorescence in a temperate estuary and its catchment using PARAFAC analysis. Limnol Oceanogr 50:686–697
Stedmon CA, Bro R (2008) Characterizing dissolved organic matter fluorescence with parallel factor analysis: a tutorial. Limnol Oceanogr-Meth 6:572–579
Suksomjit M, Nagao S, Ichimi K, Yamada T, Tada K (2009) Variation of dissolved organic matter and fluorescence characteristics before, during and after phytoplankton bloom. J Oceanogr 65:835–846
Sun Q, Wang C, Wang P, Hou J, Ao Y (2014) Absorption and fluorescence characteristics of chromophoric dissolved organic matter in the Yangtze estuary. Environ Sci Pollut R 21:3460–3473
Wu F, Mu Y, Chang H, Zhao X, Giesy JP, Wu KB (2013) Predicting water quality criteria for protecting aquatic life from physicochemical properties of metals or metalloids. Environ Sci Technol 47:446–453
Zhang Y, van Dijk MA, Liu M, Zhu G, Qin B (2009) The contribution of phytoplankton degradation to chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) in eutrophic shallow lakes: field and experimental evidence. Water Res 43:4685–4697
Zhang YL, Zhang EL, Yin Y, van Dijk MA, Feng LQ, Shi ZQ, Liu ML, Qin BQ (2010) Characteristics and sources of chromophoric dissolved organic matter in lakes of the Yungui Plateau, China, differing in trophic state and altitude. Limnol Oceanogr 55:2645–2659
This work was supported financially by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant number 51509037), Natural Science Foundation of Fujian Province (grant number 2016J05115), Middle and Young Teachers’ Education and Scientific Research Projects of Fujian Province: Class A (grant number JA15111), and Science and Technology Major Special Projects of Fujian Province (grant number 2014YZ0002-1).
Responsible editor: Philippe Garrigues
About this article
Cite this article
Sun, Q., Jiang, J., Zheng, Y. et al. The contribution of component variation and phytoplankton growth to the distribution variation of chromophoric dissolved organic matter content in a mid-latitude subtropical drinking water source reservoir for two different seasons. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24, 17805–17815 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-9448-9
- Phytoplankton growth
- Component variation