World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 27, Issue 5, pp 1209–1216

Assessment of antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles on Pseudomonas aeruginosa and its mechanism of action

Original Paper

Abstract

Antimicrobial activity of silver nanoparticles is gaining importance due its broad spectrum of targets in cell compared to conventional antimicrobial agents. In this context, a UV photo-reduction method was used for the synthesis and the nanoparticles were characterized by UV–Visible spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy and thermogravimetric analysis techniques. The antibacterial activity of the synthesized silver nanoparticles was evaluated both in liquid and solid growth media employing various susceptibility assays on Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a ubiquitous bacterium. The dose dependent growth suppression by nanoparticles was studied with well diffusion method. By broth dilution method, the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was found to be 2 μg/ml. It was observed that the bactericidal effect depends both on nanoparticle concentration and number of bacteria present. In our study, we could demonstrate the complete antibiofilm activity of silver nanoparticles at a concentration as low as 1 μg/ml. Our observations substantiated the association of reactive oxygen species and cell membrane damage in the antibacterial mechanism of silver nanoparticles. Our findings suggested that these nanoparticles can be exploited towards the development of potential antibacterial coatings for various biomedical and environmental applications.

Keywords

Antibacterial Antioxidant Biofilm Pseudomonas aeruginosa Silver nanoparticles 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Centre for Compositional Characterisation of Materials (NCCCM)Bhabha Atomic Research CentreHyderabadIndia

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