Scientometrics

, Volume 111, Issue 1, pp 337–347 | Cite as

On the effects of the reunification on German researchers’ publication patterns

  • Antoine Archambault
  • Philippe Mongeon
  • Vincent Larivière
Article

Abstract

After developing independently following World War II, the research systems of East and West Germany reunited at the end of the Cold War, resulting in Westernization of East German Research institutions. Using data from the Web of Science over the 1980–2000 period, this paper analyses the effects of these political changes on the research activity of scholars from East and West Germany before and after the reunification. It shows that these groups differ in terms of levels of production, publication language, collaboration patterns and scientific impact and that, unsurprisingly, the scholarly output of the East became much more similar to that of the West after the reunification. At the level of individual researchers, analysis shows that East German researchers who had direct or indirect ties with the West prior to the 1990s were less affected by the reunification, or were perhaps quicker to adapt to this major change, than their colleagues who were more deeply rooted in the Eastern research system.

Keywords

German reunification Research output East German researchers Science westernization Individual relative output Scientific impact Citation analysis Collaboration analysis Bibliometrics 

References

  1. Archambault, É., Vignola-Gagné, É., Côté, G., Larivière, V., & Gingras, Y. (2006). Benchmarking scientific output in the social sciences and humanities: The limits of existing databases. Scientometrics, 68(3), 329–342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Caron, E., & van Eck, N. J. (2014). Large scale author name disambiguation using rule-based scoring and clustering. In E. Noyons (Ed.), Proceedings of the 19th international conference on science and technology indicators (pp. 79–86). Leiden: CWTS-Leiden University Leiden.Google Scholar
  3. Connelly, J. (1999). The foundations of diversity: Communist higher education policies in Eastern Europe, 1945–1955. In K. Macrakis & D. Hoffmann (Eds.), Science under socialism, East Germany in comparative perspective (pp. 125–139). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Czerwon, H.-J. (1995). The research landscape in East Germany after the reunification—A bibliometric analysis. In M. E. D. Koenig & A. Bookstein (Eds.), Proceedings of the fifth biennial conference of the international society for scientometrics and informetrics (pp. 113–117). Medford, NJ: Learned Information.Google Scholar
  5. Grupp, H., & Hinze, S. (1994). International orientation, efficiency of and regard for research in East and West Germany: A bibliometric investigation of aspects of technology genesis in the united Germany. Scientometrics, 29(1), 83–113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Grupp, H., Schmoch, U., & Hinze, S. (2001). International alignment and scientific regard as macro-indicators for international comparisons of publications. Scientometrics, 51(2), 359–380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hechler, D., & Pasternack, P. (2014). From transformation to transfer: The transformation of the East German academic system 1989/90–1995. Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest, 45(1), 207–227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hohlfeld, R. (1999). Between autonomy and state control: genetic and biomedical research. In K. Macrakis & D. Hoffmann (Eds.), Science under socialism, East Germany in comparative perspective (pp. 247–265). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Kahn, P. (1993). Reunification: scientists in the East count the costs. Science, 260(5115), 1744–1746.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Macrakis, K. (1999). Introduction: Interpreting East German science. In K. Macrakis & D. Hoffmann (Eds.), Science under socialism, East Germany in comparative perspective (pp. 1–22). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Meyer-Krahmer, F. (1990). Science and technology in the Federal Republic of Germany. Harlow, Royaume-Uni: Longman.Google Scholar
  12. Mongeon, P., & Paul-Hus, A. (2016). The journal coverage of web of science and scopus: A comparative analysis. Scientometrics, 106(1), 213–228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Nötzoldt, P. (1999). From German academy of science to socialist research academy. In K. Macrakis & D. Hoffmann (Eds.), Science under socialism, East Germany in comparative perspective (pp. 140–157). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Ruiz-Castillo, J., & Costas, R. (2014). The skewness of scientific productivity. Journal of Informetrics, 8(4), 917–934.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Sabel, B. A. (1993). Science reunification in Germany: A crash program. Science, 260(5115), 1753–1758.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Sietmann, R. (1991). Reunification blues for East German scientists. Science, 253(5020), 619.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Stankus, T. (1996). The journals of German university and engineering school scientists before and after national reunification. Science & Technology Libraries, 16(1), 35–47.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Warlimont, H. (1995). Reorganizing a major materials research institute in East Germany—IFW Dresden. Advanced Materials, 7(3), 259–262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antoine Archambault
    • 1
  • Philippe Mongeon
    • 1
  • Vincent Larivière
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.École de bibliothéconomie et des sciences de l’informationUniversité de MontréalMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Observatoire des Sciences et des Technologies, Centre Interuniversitaire de Recherche sur la Science et la TechnologieUniversité du Québec à MontréalMontrealCanada

Personalised recommendations