Phase evolution and relaxor behavior of BiScO3–PbTiO3–0.05Pb(Yb1/2Nb1/2)O3 ternary ceramics
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High-temperature piezoelectric ceramics (0.95 − x)BiScO3–xPbTiO3–0.05Pb(Yb1/2Nb1/2)O3 (BS–xPT–PYN, x = 0.56–0.64) were prepared by a conventional solid-state reaction method. X-ray diffraction and Raman spectra demonstrated that the ceramics convert from monoclinic phase (x ≤ 0.58) to tetragonal phase (0.62 ≤ x ≤ 0.64). A phase coexistence of monoclinic and tetragonal in the vicinity of the MPB (x = 0.60) enhances the ferroelectric polarizability by a dynamical conversion between two energy-degenerate states with d33 = 392 pC/N, kp = 53.3% and Pr = 38.8 μC/cm2 and the operation temperature up to ~ 400 °C. Relaxor behaviors, which following the V–F law, are presented in this system and their dipole activation energy decrease for higher component x. The phase fraction versus temperature of the MPB (x = 0.60) was investigated by an in situ XRD, which gives an insight into the origin of the high-temperature piezoelectricity.
Funding was provided by Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11564010, 51402196, 51602159, 11574246 and U1537210), National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2015CB654903), Natural Science Foundation of Guangxi (Grant Nos. GA139008, AA138162, AA294014, CB380006, FA198015).
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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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